Analysis of Human Gait

Gait analysis is the systematic study of human motion, during this process the observer uses his eyes and brain couple with instrument for measuring body movements, body mechanisms, and the activity of the muscles (Levine, et al. 2012) to assess, plan, and treat individuals with conditions affecting their walking abilities. In sports biomechanics it is use to help athletes run more efficiently and to identify posture-related or movement-related problems in people with injuries.

Walking is the most convenient way to travel short distances. Free joint mobility and appropriate muscle force increases walking efficiency. As the body moves forward, one limb typically provides support while the other limb is advanced in preparation for its role as the support limb.

Gait Cycle : is the time interval between two consecutive initial contacts of the same foot for eg first heel strike to the second heel strike. there are phases in each cycle; the stance and swing.
Stance phase is further divided into initial double stance 10% GC, single limb stance (40%), and terminal double limb stance (10%). The sing phase spans the remaining 40% of a GC.

Normal Gait Parameters

Base with : is the distance between the two feet, it ranges from 5-10cm.

Step length : or gait length, is the distance between successful points on opposite feet, about 72cm and usually related to the walking speed.

Stride length : is the linear distance in the plane of progress between successful point of foot-floor contact of the same foot, it is about 144cm, decrease with age, pain, disease, and fatigue.

Lateral Pelvic Shift : or pelvic list is the side-to-side movement of the pelvic during walking. It is about 2-5 cm, and increases if the feet wider apart.

Vertical Pelvic Shift : keeps the center of gravity from moving up and down more than 5 cm.

Pelvic Rotation : is necessary to less the angle of the femur with the floor. It helps to lengthen the femur, decrees the amplitude of displacement along the path traveled by the center of gravity, and hence decrees the center of gravity dip. There is a 4o forward on the swing leg and 4 degree posteriorly on the stance leg, making a total of 8 degree pelvic rotation.

Center of Gravity : in the standing position, lies at about 5 cmterior to the second sacral vertebrae, and a little bit higher in men than in women because men carry a greater body mass in their shoulder area.

Cadence : is the number of steps taken in one minute and it range from 90-120. It about 6-9 steps per minute higher in women than in men and at some age it decreases. (Magee, 2008)

Phase in a normal Gait : each stride contains 8 relevant phases which include:

  • Initial contact-heel strike (0-10% GC)
  • Loading response-weight acceptance or foot flat
  • Midstance-single leg support (10-30% GC)
  • Terminal stage-heel off (30-50% GC)
  • Preswing-toes off) (50-60% GC)
  • Initial swing (60-73% GC)
  • Mid swing (73-87% GC)
  • Terminal swing (87-100% GC)

The swing phase enterprises of the first five of these phase while the remaining three is for the swing.

Magee, DJ (2008): Orthopedic physical assessment, 5th ed. Saunders Elsevier, Canada. 940-70
Levine, DF; Richards, J., Whittle. M. (2012): Whittle's Gait Analysis Whittle's Gait Analysis Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 978-0702042652

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24 Tips to a Successful and Healthy Living

Education and the Educated

The educational foundation of every child is a serious business; hence it should not be treated with levity.

To be labeled an educated person does not just end in you being opportune to see four walls of the University; you have to go through the hurdles and stress of the university and also allow the University go through you.

The degree you earn at the end of any University education is not just for learning, it is also for your character.

For a person to be labeled educated, he has to be proven of sound learning ability and character.

Educating a girl is like educating a community or a nation.

Deprivation of the girl child of a sound education can be equated to increasing the family an education and thereby weakening the very fabric of a Nation. The family is the nucleus of the nation or a society.

A girl child is likely to become a second class citizen, if she is deprived of a sound education.

If you think education is expensive, try ignorance. Then you will discover that it pays more to be educated than to be ignorant.

The development of any modern society or nation is primarily hinged on the functionality of its educational system.

A man of scholarship is one with a voracious appetite of reading; since he is labeled an omnivorous reader.

In a bookish society, every man could claim to be a scholar according to his own light.

To acquire authority, family matters and commercial success is useful, but scholarship is essential.

Exercise and Diet

Exercise is a form of medicine and needs to be properly prescribed.

Everybody needs exercise, whether a person is fit or unfit, pregnant or not, young or old, apparently healthy or unhealthy.

With the right kind and dose of exercise one can maintain a normal body weight, muscle power and strength.

The best form of exercise for weight reduction is that which is aerobic in nature, done at several minutes and lasted for a long duration.

Men who exercise will surely age twenty percent less than those who do not.

There is nothing that can be compared to proper exercise and moderation in the intake of food in decreasing the rate of aging and maintaining an ideal body weight.

Fruits are better eat on an empty stomach, and if it is to be eaten after a meal there should be a time lapse of at least two or three hours before eating fruits.

Embedded in fruits is the ideal amount of water which the body needs and the best fruits are the natural and fresh ones and not those that have been processed.

Fresh fruits eaten on an empty stomach flush the system and help mops up the body of free radical her prolonging life.

It takes about twenty to thirty minutes for fruits to get digested but it takes long period for carbohydrates to digest hence the reason why fruit should be taken on an empty stomach.

Caloric restriction alone is not an effective and efficient means of reducing body weight; it has to be balanced with an adequate and well monitored aerobic exercise.

Reduce alcoholic take, but when you do, take it with a meal.

Aerobic exercise like walking and jogging on dogs should be done very early in the morning or late in the evening for at least thirty minutes at a time for about three to five days per week to maintain an adequate body weight, to maintain / improve cardiorespiratory fitness , reduce stress and build up endurance. This should be continued for about three months for a person who wants to reduce body weight.

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Pre-Sleep Stretching Exercises

Spinal inter-uterorbral discs are highly specialized structures that take part in shock absorption, stability, posture and spinal motions. Some studies shows that we gain approximately 2 cm height after a sleep due to unloading of discs in lying postures thus re-hydration of disks occur. But in the just the first 30 minutes after waking up itself great quantities of dehydration of spinal discs also occur and further challenges in re-hydration of disks continue through the day. When we think of spine, we can recall it through acronym SPINE which can be used in understanding spinal biomechanics, clinical diagnosis and treatment protocol design.

S – Segmental characteristics of vertebral column (Facet orientation, Vertebral body)
P-Posture, Pelvic alignment & Pulmonary mechanisms (Stability from ligaments, Muscle control, Spinal curves)
I – Intra-diskal pressure & Intra-abdominal pressure (Core stability, Thoraco-lumbar fascia, Abdominal muscles)
N – Nerve roots from spinal cord (Neural foramen, Anatomical relationship, Dermatome, Myotome)
E – Erector spinae (Very special features of Humans)

Even sustaining the most comfortable posture for long hours can dehydrate the spinal disks to maximum hence frequent changes in posture is extremely indispensable. Inter-vertebral discs gets blood supply up to about the age of 8 years, but after that the disks must rely on mechanically based means for maintaining a healthy nutritional status basically through intermittent changes in posture to alter internal disc pressure that results in pumping action in the disc. This pumping mechanism can almost serve the function that the circulatory system provides for vascularized structures within the body. Intradiscal pressure in 3rd lumbar disc in supine lying is just 25% of the pressure that develops in standing. (Data from Grandjean, 1985 & Jenson, 1980, based on Nachemson, 1976) .. Crook lying or supine lying with hips and knees flexed to 90 degrees and legs rested entirely on a chair or bed or any furniture, so that the secondary curves of vertebral column becomes neutral to even out the scopes for the spinal discs to re-imbibe the fluid it has lost under prolonged compressed loads.

Pre-sleep stretching exercises to all muscles groups of spine & extremitives mixed with at least 5 minutes time spent in relaxed static crook lying or supine lying with hips and knees bent to 90 degress with legs rested on a furniture (incorporated with deep breathing) may have various possible advantages in rectifying the irregular shape of spinal discs and loose / tight spinal ligaments and make the re-hydration process better during sleep. Getting back to activities and exercises with poorly recovered spinal discs may invite spinal issues. Here, pre-sleep stretching exercises with other additional recommendations (supine lying with legs rested on a furniture + breathing exercises) can be inculcated / followed as an important habit as simple mechanical means of re-hydration of spinal discs to enhance the longevity of spinal health conductive enough to prevent spinal injuries during basic activities of daily living & exercise performance.

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Using a Counsellor at Work to Combat the Relationship Between Work and Stress

People are besieged with the media and their friends and family constantly talking about maintaining a work life balance. If they only knew that achieving that balance without increasing stress levels is not as easy as one, two, and three.

After all, the majority of stress in a person's life comes from his or her job. They are under deadline, they were passing over for a much-wanted promotion, or the big meeting is scheduled on the exact same day as a daughter's ballet recital. Work is stress.

Yes, we all know how detrimental constant stress can be on all relationships. A person's work relationships, personal relationships and basic interactions with people in their daily life can be affected. If those interactions are allowed to continue unchecked, the person may find himself or herself under more strain.

Employers have recognized the extensive amount of pressure placed on employees in today's world therefore, many of them hire therapists and provide treatment to their employees for free.

Providing free counseling services to employees allow them to work more efficiently and become a better employee and a happier person. Work counselors assist people in recognizing the signs of anxiety and stress throughout the day and giving them the tools to suppress stress.

However, even though employers may offer their employees easy access to therapy, that does not mean that the employees take advantage of the services. Many people are afraid to go to therapy because they feel as if it means they are weak.

What many people do not know is that it takes a large amount of strength to admit that your copying skills are insufficient and you need help to reduce your work strain. Counselors know the pressure many employees face and know how to tailor sessions to maximize a person's treatment.

Another issue appears when a person does not realize that he or she is under an undue amount of stress from work. This can happen when a person becomes so accustomed to working in a high-stress environment that the abnormal becomes normal.

In instances such as these, the employer may require that the person visit the counselor. Many employers in high-anxiety industries, such as the police or military, know all too well the dangers of being unable to cope with chronic stress, and will prevent an employee from working until the counselor deems them fit to work.

Sometimes this course of action is necessary because due to cope with chronic stress can cause them to put themselves as well as others in danger. Dealing with a potential for real harm to befall someone because of work stress is a very real possibility and happens more than it should.

Now counselers are not only trained to assist people with managing their stress levels, but also recognizing red flags when the person may not realize that an issue is imminent.

Counselors are trained to save lives and help others. An emotionally healthy population is safer and better for everyone. Sometimes all someone needs is a shoulder to cry on, someone to listen and someone to teach them how to manage their stress.

It is not uncommon for someone to love their job and yet be under an inordinate amount of pressure from work. Therapists know there is a link between voicing concerns and reducing stress. Just look at how physically detrimental a guilty conscience can become over a long period of time.

Talking to a mental health professional aboutstress at work will allow you to unlock a healthy version of you. The possibility of a work life balance is out there. Taking advantage of available stress-relieving therapies will create a happier, healthier and stronger you

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Understanding the Benefits of Dry Needling

Dry needling is fast becoming popular among people who opt for therapeutic treatments to get relief from muscle pain. Filiform needles are used to release trigger points for treatment of various medical conditions. Some of these are muscle spasms, headache, tennis elbow, nerve pain and myofascial pain.

You may get confused by comparing dry needling with acupuncture, but they are quite different from each other in terms function and ratione. It is a western culture approach, whereas acupuncture is a Chinese / Asian medicinal tradition.

The term is actually used to define the non-injection needling. In injection needling, hypodermic needles are used to inject chemicals or other agents like saline or anesthesia into tissues of specific body parts. On the other hand, in dry needling the treatment is connected by using needles which provide the therapeutic effects when directed into the tissues of the body. Fine filament needles which are similar to those used in acupuncture are also used in this treatment.

How Does It Work?

Dry needling is a procedure where fine filament needles are inserted in a person's trigger points. These trigger points are located in different muscles all over the body and react to a specific body point. These muscles release muscle tension when triggered by a needle, helping to treat the pain a person is feeling. Relaxation of muscles is also induced by putting pressure on specific pressure points.

The Basic Difference between Dry Needling and Acupuncture

Dry needling and acupuncture are quite different practices, although the same types of needles are used in both practices. Traditional Chinese theories are followed in acupuncture in which needles are inserted into the body's energy channels. When stimulated, these channels will improve or affect the energy flow of a person.

On the other hand, scientific research, western medical practices and pathophysiology are followed in this process. Needles are inserted in the muscle and ligament trigger points of a human body. This result is reducing the muscle tension and decreasing the level of pain in a specific area.

Benefits of Treatment

The results in dry needling are usually quite rewarding, although there may be variation in the results in different patients. The basic benefits of this treatment are:

– A person has to go through less pain than other manual treatments.
– In comparison to other manual treatments, dry needling results in relatively less soreness.
– A lesser number of sessions are required in the whole treatment procedure.
– It may provide permanent relief from the pain a person is feeling.
– It may help rejuvenate muscles which are not working effectively due to previous injuries.

Does the Treatment Hurt?

If the muscles of a body are in a healthy condition, then this treatment will not hurt a bit and the person may not even feel the needle pain at all. However in a few cases a person may feel an aching sensation, a slight pinch or a twitching sensation.

If you would like to experience dry needling treatment it's advisable to search for an expert Physio. By searching online, you can easily find dry needling and foot and ankle physiotherapy centers.

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5 Exercises That Help Your Knee Arthritis!

90% of us will have some form of osteoarthritic or degenerative joint change by the time we turn 40. One of the most common joints affected is the knee and can cause result in a great deal of functional loss.

Common areas of pain in the knee are at the front of the knee, inner portion of the knee and the rear of the knee joint. Common aggravating factors for knee arthritis include difficulty squatting, ascend / descending stairs, and sitting for prolonged periods.

Treatment techniques that have been found to be useful in managing the pain include physiotherapy manual techniques, ice on acute swelling, heat for stiffness, paracetamol, NSAIDS, hydrotherapy, activity modification and weight-loss.

Below are some simple exercises to help strengthen areas to help these forms of arthritic knee pain.

  1. Bridging – lying on your back on the floor with your knees bent up. Lift your bottom off the floor. Repeat 30 times. If you have pain in your lower back while doing this exercise then do not lift your bottom as far. If you find the exercise easy perform using one leg only with the other leg in the air.
  2. Clamshell – lying on your side with your knees bent up. Keeping your feet together and make sure you do not move at your pelvis and stay on your side. Lift your upper knee toward the ceiling, like a book opening. Repeat 30 times.
  3. Straight leg raise – lying on your back straighten your knee as hard as you can. Keeping your knee straight, lift your leg about 20cm or 10 inches. Repeat 30 times.
  4. Mini squats – stand in front of a chair. Imagine you are sitting down and slowly lower yourself towards the chair. Only lower about 1/3 of the way and then return to straight. Repeat 30 times. This exercise is the most likely exercise to aggravate your pain. Only squat to a depth that is pain free. Do not go further than the first point of pain.
  5. Calf raises – standing up, slowly lift your heels off the ground raising up onto your toes. Lower back to the ground. Repeat 30 times.

If you find the exercise is too easy, you can make it harder by increasing the number of repetitions.

If you have any form of giving way in your knee or swilling you should discuss with your doctor or health professional before beginning these exercises. If you have pain whilst performing or after completing the exercises then stop.

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The Importance In Maintaining Correct Posture

The Trend

The elderly of our society that we live in had good posture right from an early age. In their early days, many of these people had to follow some serious clinical postures to keep their back straight. Although, the next generation heard about these stories, but without any different reminders of better posture, this generation is currently experiencing some serious consequences of poor posture. And their children too are leading a sedentary life, sitting in front of video gaming systems for hours and are receiving very little instruction, if any on right posture. So with every new generation, there is continuation of the worsening of posture.

The problem with bad post

Sports physiotherapy helps in improving postures of people, whether it is the office worker sitting on his chair all day or the person who likes to slouch. The problem with bad post is that the youngger we start and the longer we continue it, the harder it becomes to correct it. And our bodies are being trained to adopt this new position as normal.

Muscle length and strength changes take place that set up our bodies with imbalances of muscles and do not experience pain till the start of these changes. And with aging, the spine begins to stiffen that is only natural and with the trend of poor posture continuing, one will be left with stiffen spine with a rounded position at a later life.

What we see in the clinic

There are some usual postural problems encountered that require treatment like scoliosis (side-to-side curving of back) and Kyphosis (an excessive rounding of spinal). But poor post also has some far reaching implications that are not noticeable.

With poor posture, there is a likelihood of muscle imbalances that result in higher stress at specific areas of the spine. These can result in irritated nerves, soft-tissue damage like that of tendons and joint degeneration that may lead to tendonitis, compression of nerves and bottom line PAIN. Here, in spite of not having pain in your back or neck, you may have calf or elbow pain.

There is hope

There are good chances of improving the posture by attending to the origin of the problem. Here, it could be improper workstation setup or any kind of overuse of certain muscles that may cause muscle imbalance and the resultant pain.

One can also start a customized stretching and core-strengthening program that can be intensively or simply depending on the needs and wishes of the individual to free the imbalances of the body.

Preventive measure : For maintaining good posture, it is important to keep up the habit of correcting our posture so that it becomes easy to maintain it at a later life.

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Professional Rapport – The Key to Successful Rehabilitation

One of the obstacles Physiotherapists face is getting the confidence of the patients to sign up and end a long-term rehabilitation program because most of the conditions handled by Physiotherapists require a very long-term rehabilitation programs'. But the professional rapport is the key to successful rehabilitation, enhanced reputation of Physiotherapists and long-lasting revenue.

Determinants of Professional rapport:

1. Patient-identified problems (PIP): Therapist carefully documents the health concerns of the patient and / or their family members before concluding a detail assessment. At this level itself, any relevant medical reports can be perused by the therapist.

2. Therapist-identified problems (TIP): The Physiotherapist enters into a detailed assessment and documentation stage (using special questions, exit measure tools, diagnostic tools like Goniometer, BP apparatus, Inch tape etc)

3. Realistic goal settings: The Physiotherapist blends PIP and TIP to understand the gravity of the health issue and predict the possible health outlet with time requirement. Speaking the truth is critical here, (of course, take care not to intimidate the patient to an extent that they get de-motivated) so the Physiotherapist should only explain about the possible health outcomes based on his findings without giving any false promises or strong assurances .

The goals can be divided into long-term and short-term components. For example, if a debilitated bed-ridden stroke patient requests for speedy recovery to get up and walk without support, then the Physiotherapist can say 'We need to achieve your standing balance first and that should be one of our paramount short-term goal' . This can enable the stroke patient not to keep high expectation in major movement development before achieving his first milestone 'Balance'.

The importance of frequency & duration of therapy sessions must be discussed here. For example, “I can give three Physiotherapy sessions per week for 4 weeks, each session for 45-60 minutes and on the non-Physiotherapy session days you may have to follow some home exercise programs.” The results are highly individual-specific (Example – age, severity of the health condition, secondary complications, medications, nutrition status, motivation level), so number of days & months required for satisfactory rehabilitation drastically vary from individual to individual. Remind the patient and their relative that the outcome basically rests on combined efforts of the Physiotherapist & patient including their relatives.

4. My professional skill sets: (Explain the basis for your confidence) Physiotherapist can let the patient know his action plans based on his current skill sets acquired through experience. The modern Physiotherapy approach, regardless of the body system involved in the health disorder, revolves around exercise-based management and biomechanical corrections through movements or hands-on applications (manipulation, stretches), since sometimes perfect rehabilitation can take place without requirement of any sophisticated instruments.

CONCLUSION: Once the action plans are clearly made using this four determinants, the scopes for the patients to participate in any lengthy Physiotherapy rehabilitation program with heightened motivation increases. However, this same approach can be used in fitness training programs also.

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Osteopathy Today

Osteopath graduates still combine the smallest percentage of physicians. However, their numbers have increased markedly in recent years. The greatest numbers of DO physicians in involved primary care, treating patients as part of a clinic of doctors or in private practice.

Like medical doctors, doctors of osteopathy complete residencies after graduating from medical school. Recently combined maintenance programs have been implemented in some countries. The result is a streamlined program which could cut costs by eliminating duplication of services and making regulations for all physicians uniform.

While technological advances have changed practices in all areas of medicine one particular area of ​​osteopathy that has attracted particular attention is the branch called cranial osteopathy. The premise is that intrinsic rhythmic movements of the brain cause rhythmic fluctuations of cerebrospinal fluid and specific relational changes among dural membranes, cranial bones, and the sacrum. Osteopaths trained in cranial osteopathy believe that they can palpably monitor and modify these fluctuations, improving the patient's health.

Of all the areas of osteopathy, this is the one that receives most skepticism. Cranial osteopathy was proposed by William Garner Sutherland in his work, “Primary Respiratory Mechanism”. Many theories have since been expounded about the astounding healing powers of the gentle palpation of the cranium. Cranial osteopathy has been credited with healing a wide range of human maladies. While those with alleged success stories lauded cranial osteopathy as a great medical breakthrough, scholars and scientists attacked the underlying ratione of “Primary Respiratory Mechanism” and found it to be flawed. Scientific and biological evidence invalidated Sutherland's mechanism finding it to have low reliability but no reliability. First, it was asserted that different practicers perceive different phenomena. Whether such phenomena even exist was questioned. Osteopaths who use this form of osteopathy have been unable to provide scientific evidence that their therapeutic actions have any direct effect on their patients' health. Modern practitioners have only the biology of Sutherland's mechanism to explain what they do or why they believe it works. What they do offer as proof of the effectiveness of cranial osteopathy is the testimonials of jubilant patients and the records of their own personal clinical success.

Those convinced of the effectiveness of cranial osteopathy carry on in spite of the skeptics and modern-day insistence on scientific proof. In fact, in spite of modern reliance on data and hard evidence cranial osteopathy is a pseudoscientific belief strongly supported by both patients and practitioners.

Once seen as helping hands, magic formula, and natural potions, and treatment of the whole patient, modern medicine has become a technical service. Those in the medical profession use their considerable knowledge and technological advances to seek out causes for specific illnesses and treat those maladies. They have moved away from seeing the entire system to focusing on one particular organ or minute spot in that organ.

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Important Tips for Handling Sports Injuries

Due to great amount of physical activity involved in sports, the players are always vulnerable to injuries. Sports injury treatment depends on different factors like seriousness of the injury and the affected body part.

In case of a mild strain or sprain, the following methods can be used for cure:

1. The player must protect the affected part from further injury.

2. In case of fatigue or pain, the player must take proper rest. If required, walking stick or crutches can be used to protect the injured knee or ankle.

3. In case of swelling, ice packs can be applied for up to half an hour. The ice packs must be wrapped in a towel to avoid ice burns. The elastic compression bandages can also be used to limit swelling.

4. Various pain killers like paracetamol, ibuprofen, aspirin etc can be used to heal the pain created by sprains and fractures. But aspirin is not meant for those who are yet to attain the age of sixteen.

5. In case of an injury, the movements must be restricted as much as possible in order to give rest to the injured person. Sling can be used to immobilize a shoulder or an arm. A foam rubber leg immobilizer can be used to protect the knee. Plastic splints can be used to safeguard bones.

6. In cases of constant inflammation, cortisone could have been injected in the bruised part to prevent pain. But these injections should not be used more than two in six months.

7. Methods related to physiotherapy like massage and manipulation can be used to heal pain in sports rehabilitation centers . Massaging can lead to increase in blood flow in the damaged part and also enhance its flexibility.

8. Activities like walking and swimming are recommended to strengthen the muscles which will in preventing injuries.

9. Heat treatment can also be used to cure injuries. Heat pads or lamps are used for this purpose.

10. Ultrasound therapy treatment is very similar to massaging as it increases blood flow to an affected body part.

11. In cases involving extreme injuries, corrective surgery is required. Broken bones are fixed by using rods, wires, plates and screws.

12. Rehabilitation which involves bringing an injured part back to normality through slow movement and exercise is an integral part of sports rehabilitation.

In order to successfully deal with sports injuries, the assistance of qualified medical professionals must be hired.

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Sports Physiotherapy – A Unique, Challenging and Exciting Career Option

In the past, there was a time when the role of sports physiotherapists was to just fetch water to the ground with a sponge to give an injured player some relief. Those days are gone now. Sports physiotherapists these days do way more than just bringing a bucket of water and a sponge. They are now well-tuned athletes who must keep up their physical fitness just like sportsmen and women. They need to take very good care of their body and make sure that all the players are in their best health throughout the year.

Any sport involved injuries. But some injuries do not surface as soon as they occur. They often surface when the player least expects them. And then, it is just a series of treatments and medicines. To prevent these from happening, physiotherapy is very useful. Sports clubs spend a lot of money each year on physiotherapy and rehabilitation of athletes. They hire the best physiotherapists in the industry to make sure that the players are always fit and healthy.

Sports physiotherapists ensure fast recovery and make the sportspeople ready to get a victory. Sports physiotherapists have to travel wherever the sportspeople go. They travel a lot, see the world and work with people who are excellent in their field.

Obviously, the job of a sports physiotherapist is always in demand. The job profile involves examining and diagnosing injuries, planning the treatment modules, offering advice to the sportspeople on how to attune their lifestyle and exercise regimes to recover quickly and get back to their normal life. They have to manager treatments like manipulation, electro-therapy, hydrotherapy and heat treatment.

If a professional sports team hires a physiotherapist, he / she has to work with the coach (es) and other members who provide medical care and health advice on the right course of action for recovery. This situation is even more probable if the physiotherapist gets a job in a team where one or more players have very, very high reputation.

Entering this profession is not easy. It throws many challenges at you and involves a lot of hard work. After you get a degree in Physiotherapy, you should pursue further studies and specialize in treating sports injuries.

You will need to use your sports-specific knowledge to heal chronic, acute and other injuries. Your services will be available to athletes of all ages. It will help your career if you take part in some voluntary work. You will not get any payment but you will be able to add it to your CV. It will also show that you can take initiative and you have the drive to pursue your career and work with some of the best clubs in your country. If you can successfully secure a job as a sports physiotherapist, you actually have innumerable options.

First, you need to enroll in a reputable sports physiotherapy center where you can receive training and benefit from hands-on practice. There are some gym programs too that you have to enroll in so that you can get the ideal physical fitness to treat athletes through the year.

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Do I Want To Become A Physical Therapist Or Physical Therapist Assistant?

The field of physical therapy is a popular field and there does not seem a day go by that someone does not ask me about the field and, the education involved in becoming either a Physical Therapist or a Physical Therapist Assistant.

Now I understand everyone has different circumstances in life. Age is one reason for instance you will want to consider what educational track you choose.

When I get approached by a young adult in their early twenties or even younger for instance and, they ask about a Physical Therapist Assistant job, I always like to find out why go to school for a PTA when, in fact they should be strict considering going to school to become a Registered Physical Therapist.

I like to see young people think bigger. At that age many younger people do not have the obligations that older adults have at home and have the energy and if the desire is there, to go through four to six years of college and still graduate at a young age.

I have been a PTA now for over 18 years. In my estimation people like myself and many others who went back to school after 35 years of age, the Physical Therapist Assistant program is a great choice. the Physical Therapist Assistant educational track is for those middle-aged adults who either do not want to invest six more years of college or have too many other family obligations to meet as well.

Many like myself made physical therapy a second career choice after serving many years in another profession. Many PTAs that I know came into the field at a later age and also came into the field with intensive work and life experience.

If I had not chosen to go to work in the corporate world at a young age only to find out years later that was not my calling, I would have gone on to Physical Therapy school to start with.

What you find as a Physical Therapist Assistant, is that your options to advance in the field are limited. For instance once you become a PTA, to go on to further your education to become a PT is almost non-existent. You have two options by taking weekend courses in either college in Ohio or in California.

That is not good. So my advice is this, In your twenties go on to PT school. You will have more doors open to you if you want to advance in the profession. For those of you that again want a career change and are a little older and, enjoy the field of rehabilitative medicine then consider going on to PTA school.

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5 Ways to Get More Out of Your Physical Therapy

Being sick or hurt is not fun. The point of physical therapy is to return you to health by helping your body strengthen so you can regain mobility. Although the process can be lengthy and at times hurt, the results are well worth the effort. While you have a scheduled time and regimen and an educated medical professional to assist and teach you, there are a few things you can do to help optimize your recovery efforts. Perhaps you can improve more quickly, or gain more mobility through your added efforts. Either way, it is worth it to put in the extra work.

1. Take notes

There will likely be a number of distractions during your physical therapy session. In order to properly remember the exercises given to you in order to heal, bringing something to record the steps. Whether it is pen and paper, a camera, or the therapist's own handout, take plenty of good notes that you can reference later at home. Also, make sure they take notes on your progress, so time is not wasted answering questions or redoing work during your next session.

2. Clearly describe your pain

Some could say that pain is the same … just painful. However, there are many ways for pain to manifest. Your therapist needs to know what kind you have in order to help you. Describe if the pain is sharp, achy, stabbing, or throbbing. Let the PT know if it lasts consistently, or just when you do a particular step. Also, be sure to come up with a system for how severe the pain is … not much, or barely able to handle it. Armed with the right knowledge of what pain you experience, the physical therapist can determine what is and is not working. They can tell you if it is normal and should be worked through or if you should take it easy.

3. Be prepared

Be sure to arrive on time and properly dressed for your sessions. You only have limited face time with your PT before their next appointment. It is a shame to waste their time and your money by missing part of your session because you are late or ill prepared. Your clothing should be comfortable and loose enough to promote any movement required of you. Also, it could be a good idea to turn off your phone, so there are no distractions.

4. Take care of yourself

As you regain mobility during physical therapy, some doctors recommend that you be careful not to do too much too soon. Listen to your body and know when it is under stress. Also be mindful of the opinions of others that are not your doctor. You may receive a number of suggestions and remedies, but unless they are cleared by a medical professional that knows your situation, the comments should be taken lightly. Once you've cured, try to help yourself avoid injury in the future through proper body mechanics, periodic massages, and / or supporting gear.

5. Do everything assigned to you

The best way to progress with your physical therapy as quickly as possible is to do the exercises assigned to you by your therapist. Common sense dictates that you do not skip exercises because you do not understand them or miss them because you do not feel like doing them. You are likely under pain, but it is important to do as much as you can during the recovery period, so that the injury is not prolonged any more than it has to be.

Remember to check with your doctor before taking any treatment or medical remedy.

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Everything You Need to Know About Physiotherapy

It is a suitable form of treatment for people of all ages, as it helps them to minimize their pain and take the peaceful path to recovery.

1. Various areas of Physiotherapy
Physiotherapists are actually well trained to heal care professionals who specialize in musculoskeletal problems. Some of the areas that this healing technique covers include intensive care, mental health, neurology and strokes, long-term conditions such as arthritis and breathing problems.

Other areas are men's and women's health, orthopedics and trauma, sports medicine, workplace health, pediatrics, and caring for the elderly as well as education and health promotion.

Some physiotherapists spend their spare time volunteering with a multi-disciplinary team that does pro-Bono work for hospitals and community based free clinics. These services can be found at private hospitals, doctor's clinics as well as most sports clubs.

2. Body systems that this technique heals
Physiotherapy centers help you deal with a lot of your physical health problems and treat them by linking them to the body's systems. Some of these include the musculoskeletal system that includes bones, joints and soft tissues of our body. The neuromuscular one covers the human brain and the central nervous system, while the cardiovascular system controls the way the heart functions and the blood circulation. The respiratory system is one of the most important areas of all with organs that help us breathe.

3. What physiotherapists precisely do
Physiotherapy centers are run by accomplished professionals who help people who are in need for their services. Those affected by pain, ailments or even paralysis can approach some of these places to heal by means of movement and exercise.

Physiotherapists work systematically by taking into account a patient's current level of fitness, mental and physical health and considering their specific requirements in question. You could try some manual therapy techniques in which the healer works with you using their hands and body heat in order to relieve your tired muscles of pain and stiffness. Doing this encourages blood circulation and makes blood flow to the injured part of your body.

An innovative and new form of physiotherapy is aquatic therapy. It is carried out in the water with a number of other techniques to help ease the pain of a patient. Several other techniques like the use of heat, ice and even the art of acupuncture can help clients a very great deal.

People may visit these therapists for preventive as well as therapeutic reasons. The best part is that you do not need a doctor's referral to see a therapist. Problems like sitting, or walking, being unable to hold a pen are all included with their physical therapy and you can rest assured that you will be cured in time.

People who are plagued with problems that are a lot more sinister like speech impairment, memory loss, even bladder control issues have been known to benefit from physiotherapy. You basically heal by retraining muscles to do their primary movements like they way doctors rehabilitate stroke patients. The severity of your pain will be deciding factor when it comes to the amount of time it will take for you to recover.

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Improve Posture, Strength And Flexibility Using Clinical Pilates

When someone is having issues with their flexibility, posture and loss of strength in their joints, they are going to want to find a way to improve it. Clinical Pilates is the possible solution. Choosing an instructor that can teach them the proper exercises is important.

Everybody has something different that they want to change about themselves. It is important to do this in the best possible way. Special exercises are going to give a benefit. Someone who has the special training will be able to help those that do not have the knowledge of what exercises that they are doing.

It is very important to make sure that people are doing these exercises in a safe way. There are many things that they can do for their joints naturally to make them feel better. Certain stretching exercises and others are going to help them gain the flexibility that they have lost as well.

Some people think that they feel the way that they do because they are getting old or because of their career. It is very important to reconsiderer this statement though. They can feel young again if they put forth the effort to do these important exercises for their health.

It is important to find an instructor that has shown proven results. And sometimes finding correct instructor is a difficult task. There are many things that can get in the way of exercise for people though.

When someone does these right, the postural muscles in the spine and the abdomen will get affected. And sometimes it affects the body even done in good way. They will make a person sit up straighter and be comfortable doing this.

They will also help a person do many other things that they need to do easier. Their pain decreases so much so they will be able to concentrate better and allow them to follow their routine without a lot of interruption to their day due to pain that they are in. Everyone will have something different that they need to improve in their life.

A lot of people have seen relief of many of their back pains that they have experienced for several years when they start clinical Pilates. It is very important to make sure that when doing the exercises that it is safe to do them with the health conditions that a person has. Some injuries can cause problems for a person for the rest of their lives.

They are usually able to retrain certain muscles allowing them to sit or stand in a more comfortable way. Retraining these muscles is difficult if a trainer does not know what they are doing. They need to make sure that they are doing these exercises so that they are specific to what they need.

The thing about Pilates is that what works for one person may not work for another person. It is very important to make sure that people are doing these exercises based on their needs. Pilates is very useful for preventing people to return to their regular activities or activities that they used to love and could not do them anymore.

This is something that is very popular in a lot of different countries. This is because it is something that has helped a lot of people recover from many things. Just because someone has a serious injury does not mean that they have become impaired for the rest of their lives.

Clinical Pilates is something that will help a lot of people if correctly done. Every exercise affect differently. Choosing the proper exercises would be provided by a professional Pilates instructor.

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