3 Things to Expect During a Physical Therapy Visit

It's not surprising that you are a headless chicken with regards to a physical therapy visit. No one wants to go for it if ever possible. If you are a greenhorn, you must definitely be curious about what you will be doing and prepare yourself for it. Firstly, you must know that a physical therapy visit non-surgical and there is no need to worry about needles and blood. The one and only aim of your physiotherapist is to bring you back on the road to recovery. So what are some things to expect during a physical therapy visit?

Initial evaluation

The initial evaluation part of the session is the most important. It gives the therapist a full picture of your past lifestyle, your cause of injury and what you wish to achieve in the future. This way, your therapist can then design an efficient program for you in the most suitable timeframe and physical level. If your goal is just to be able to walk properly after a knee surgery for example, he will simply prescribe you exercises to strengthen the core muscle groups to provide stability. However, if you intend to go back to competitive sports post surgery, the plan will be totally different. This part will also include your medical history which can affect your recovery progress.


After a proper warm up session, you will start to perform exercises specifically designed for your condition. A post knee surgery patient will need to perform balancing as well as stability exercises to strengthen the surrounding muscles so that they can bear the weight better. Some common exercises would be the leg press and stairs. Stretches will also be performed with the intent of achieving a full range of motion at places such as the knee and elbow joint.

Review of session

After a proper cooling down session, your physiotherapist will then sit down with you for a review of your physiotherapy session. Through the session, he is busy noticing down the amount of weight you can bear, degree of motion as well as your flexibility. A good therapist will go through these figures with you so that you know whether you are improving or lagging behind. He will also inform you what to expect during the next session and prescribes you some exercises you can do in the comfort of your own home.

A physical therapy session is actually fun and enjoyable to the patients. Although it may be physically tiring at times, patients are given exercises which are manageable to them and they are able to review their progress at the end of each therapy.

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Physical Therapy for Shin Splints

Oftentimes, strenuous physical activity, especially involving the lower limbs like running or jogging on hard surfaces or uneven floors produce moderate to severe pain along the anterior aspect of shins. However, if you are experiencing severe throbbing pain without running or with mild physical activity, you may be experiencing shin splints (also known as medial tibial stress syndrome) due to moderate to severe trauma to the muscles or tendons of anterior or posterior compartment of leg . Shin splints include muscle sprains, stress fractures of long bones of leg and compartment syndrome.

Shin splints are marked by pain along the outer aspect of leg (below the knee) that aggravates after activity, the skin in the region of shin is hyper-sensitive, red, inflamed and warm to touch, the pain does not disappear completely with rest , swelling along the outer aspect of shin, in compartment syndrome, swelling of fascial compartment can increase the risk of permanent damage to muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves and vessels.

Shin splints can occur in a variety of pathological conditions. Overuse or overactivity of lower limb muscles leading to inflammation or swelling of small muscle fibers, stress fractures involving long bones of limbs (linear and hairline breaks in the continuity of bones due to weak muscles or poorly supported conductive tissue.) If you have flat arches ( in other words flat feet) the stress and strain on your feet increases that increases the risk of arch collapse. According to the research conducted by Roger H. Michael suggested that soleus syndrome is one of the leading causes of shin splints. of lower limbs (limit-length discrepancy) due to accidents is another cause of shin splints. Sports activities (hiking, contact sports, running sports, marathon runners) and certain occupational activities like naval recruits, ballet dancers are at higher risk of developing shin Any activity that increases imbalance in the stretch or stability of anterior group of muscles or posterior group of muscles increases the risk of shin splints.

Physical therapists examine and monitor the amount, severity and cause of shin splints. Depending upon the inciting event, your therapist not only educates and guides you to prevent further tissue damage but also makes sure that your recovery and healing does not affect your athletic endurance and range of motion. Physical therapist first recommend exercises and activities to resolve the pain symptoms like RICE therapy that include rest, ice therapy of the affected region of limb, compression wrapping and elevation of limb.

After resolution of the inflammatory symptoms, your therapist may suggest exercises and activities to realize early remission and range of motion. Your therapist guides you to perform low impact exercises under guidance so that your tissues receive optimal circulation (low impact exercises promote healthy circulation by alleviating edematous swelling from the inflamed tissues). Long term physical therapy is helpful in strengthening shin muscles and in increasing range of motion.

Deep tissue massage is especially directed at improving the strength and stability of involved muscles, ligaments or compartments. Deep tissue massage helps in scar release and helps in restoration of normal functioning of fascia, muscles and tissues. Your therapist may explain you self- massaging techniques.

Other helpful modalities are electric stimulation therapy that deals with stimulation of muscle fibers with the help of electric current to promote muscle motion and to decrease the pain sensation by blocking pain signals, stretching exercises of calf, hamstrings and tibial muscles (after excluding the possibility of stress fractures), non-impact exercises are also promoted to strengthen muscles without affecting the physiological healing process (biking and swimming are best exercises that must be performed during healing or recovery stages) and ultrasound therapy can also be employed to reduce the intensity of pain , discomfort and swapping from deep tissues of leg. Moreover, ultrasound waves also promote elimination of inflammatory fluid from tissues; theby promoting cellular activity and healing process.

Beside instituting therapies that promote healing of medial tibial stress syndrome, your physical therapist also monitors the pattern and nature of physical activity to minimize the risk of future injuries. Physical therapists also provide necessary training and warm up exercises that decreases the stress on ligaments, muscles, bones and joints. Your physical therapist will analyze and study your Running and Gait with the help of specialized devices for effective biomechanics by upper body carriage, observing the rise of knee, stride frequency and the position of foot and leg at the time of foot strike on ground.

Besides regular physical therapy, certain modifications in lifestyle also help in preventing shin splints. Always wear right fitted and right sized shoes; wearing too tight shoes or loose shoes while running, during sports activities increases the risk of shin splints. Always perform warm up exercises before running or vigorous muscle activities, avoid running on irregular hard and uneven surface, do not over stress or over exert your musculoskeletal system, use custom orthotics to correct limb length discrepancy for better alignment and efficient mobility.

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Osgood-Schlatters Disease

Osgood-Schlatters Disease is common in adolescents, particularly those who are very sporty. It can be quite painful and prevent participation in sport. It is often characterized by a painful lump just below the knee. Treatment is solely simple and return to full activity is common.

What is Osgood-Schlatters Disease?

Osgood-Schlatters Disease is actually not a disease at all, it is a condition bought about by repetitive muscular action of the Quadriceps muscles. This in turn tugs on the attachment of the Patella Tendon where it inserts into the Tibial Tuberosity – the bony lump at the top of the Tibia (shin bone).

What causes Osgood-Schlatters Disease?

OSD is most often seen in adolescents who are quite sporty. During periods of growth the long bones, of which the Tibia is one, grow predominately from the growth-plates which are near the ends of bone. The growth plate is softer than the rest of the bone during growth. The growth-plates for the Tibia are also where the Quadriceps Muscles insert via the Patella Tendon (sometimes called the Patella Ligament) onto the Tibial Tubersity. The constant tugging executed by the activation of the Quadriceps Muscles avulses (lifts) this attachment off the Tibial Tuberosity. This causes inflammation and pain on the Tibial Tuberosity and can often be characterized by a tender lump.

What can be done about it?

The condition is not thought to be too serious and often does not require treatment – just rest from activity until the growth-spurt has ended. Reducing the intensity and duration of activity could allow the more committed to manage rehabilitation with periods of rest so that time given to practice is not totally lost. OSD can be quite painful which, in turn, limits the amount of exercise one can do anyway.

Stretches for the Quadriceps Muscles may be useful in re-aligning the healing tendon fibres and stretching muscles and tendons in an effort to limit muscular tension on the Tibial Tuberosity.

The application of ice packs for short-durations of no more than 10 minutes limits swelling especially when the knee is sore or following activity.

Electrotherapy should not be used on adolescents or on growth plates and so should never be used on this condition.

The Authors View

The author concurs with most available literature that Osgood-Schlatters is an over use injury affecting mainly adolescent. It is a reliably simple problem to detect with tenderness over the tibial tuberosity and pain on certain activities, most commonly jumping, running and kicking. The problem usually coincides with growth spurts where the growth plate of the tibia has softened and the constant tugging of the quadriceps via the patella tendon avulses the attachment to the tibial tuberosity.

Treatment consists of rest, ice, compression and elevation in the acute phase. A period of either complete rest or minimal activity and gentle stretching of the quadriceps muscles will also help to minimize the tugging.

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Physical Therapy Can Help You Get Back Into The Game Sooner

Being injured while participating in an athletic event can be very frustrating. Whatever you were hurt in a game or practice, not being able to play the sport you love can have negative effects on your health as well as your mental state. Rather than wait for you injury to heel on own own, be proactive and seek the help of a therapist at a physical therapy center. They can devise a treatment program specifically for you that can speed up the recovery process and get you back on the field in no time.

No matter what type of injury you have suffered, you should always visit your primary care physician to have them evaluate you. Following an examination to determine the amount of your injury, they will be able to recommend a specialist that focuses primarily on the injured area. They will also be able to recommend a physical therapy center you can go to if you are eager to start the recovery process.

At this clinic, you will meet with a therapist and discuss your injury in depth. Once they have a solid understanding of the injury, they will develop a regimen of treatment for you to follow. This program can consist of all sorts of methods, including strength training, massage, stretching, and icing. It's important to follow the directions you are given and not push things too far. While you may believe you can handle more than what you are given to do, if you push your body too hard during recovery, you increase the chances of re-injuring yourself and delaying your healing even more.

Physical therapy is intended to help you not only recover, but also prevent future injuries to your muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Once you injure a part of your body, that area becomes more susceptible to injury down the road. By improving the flexibility and strength of the hurt area, you can less the risk.

Taking the advice of your therapist to heart and being honest whenever you go in for sessions is also critical to your recovery. If you fail to tell your therapist when something hurts or does not feel right you risk the potential for doing more harm than good. Listen to your body and let it tell you how slow or fast to take things. When you follow the treatment program given to you in physical therapy carefully and do everything you are told, you improve your chances of returning to play the game you love.

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Jumper’s Knee – Causes and Treatment

Jumper's knee causes sharp pain at the front of the knee. Therapy focusing on soft tissue mobilization and stretching the quadriceps muscle helps to reduce the pull on the patella tendon and reduce the pain associated with the condition.

What is it?

Patella tendinopathy, also known as jumper's knee, is a relatively common condition that causes pain in the anterior (front) aspect of the knee. This pain is usually of a sharp nature and occurs when overloading the extensor mechanism. The extensor mechanism, which includes the quadriceps muscles, the patella and patella tendon, connects the quadriceps muscles to the patella (kneecap) and then on to the tibia (shin) via the patella tendon.

Patella tendinopathy begins as tugging of the patella tendon where it attaches to the inferior pole of the patella that causes tear or degeneration of the tendon.

What causes it?

Jumper's knee is an overuse injury that results from repetitive overloading of the extensor mechanism of the knee. Micro-tears to the patellar tendon often exceeded the body's ability to heal the area without the aggravating activity is stopped for a period of time. Jumper's knee occurs in many types of athletes but is most common in those participating in sports such as high jump, long jump, netball, basketball, volleyball, or football, all of which require explosive or jumping movements.

Eccentric loading, which is contracting of the muscle while it is lengthening, occurs when landing from a jump or when decelerating. In fact, knee loads of up to 7 times body weight during a soccer player during kicking and between 9 and 11 times body weight occurs in netball and volleyball players during landing. These eccentric loads are possibly the primary cause of overload in jumper's knee.

Differential Diagnosis – What else could it be?

There are several knee conditions that have symptoms similar to Jumpers Knee and so it is wise to consult an expert such as a Graduate Sports Therapist or a Physiotherapist who has undertaken extensive sports injuries training. The list of differential diagnosis may include the following:

  • Patello-Femoral Pain Syndrome
  • Meniscal tears
  • Fat pad impingement
  • Synovial impingement
  • Osgood-Schlatters Disease

How should it be treated?

A good therapist will understand that athletes and sports men and women do not want to stop training; they will want to do something in order to maintain fitness and compete if at all possible. Jumpers Knee is one condition that must be treated with respect. Jumpers Knee rarely gets better without there is cessation from training or at least the kind of training that caused the injury in the first place. By all means continue to do forms of exercise, which do not unduly stress the extensor mechanism, but to continue training through the pain is likely to result in serious injury that may require surgical intervention.

Textbooks will often describe Jumpers Knee as an inflammation of the Patella Tendon and may suggest the RICE formulaa (Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation) as a treatment however the jury is out on whether or not there is inflammation in tendon injuries. For this reason more recent texts will call these injuries Tendinopathy (a pathological condition) as opposed to some older texts using Tendinitis ('itis' means inflammation) although one can not go too far wrong by using the RICE formulae when dealing with Jumpers Knee in its early stages.

Over time, and if there are signs of improvement in the condition, gentle stretching of the quadriceps muscles will help to re-align the new collagen fibers that are repairing the tendon into a more linear configuration. Therefore giving the tendon greater tension strength when it is repaired. Gentle strengthening exercises may also be introduced to stress the new fibers and to begin muscle strengthening of the quadriceps. Care must be taken at this stage not to re-injure the tendon by doing too much too soon.

Again, rehabilitation should be gradual until such time as return to sport is possible. The guidance of a Graduate Sports Therapist would be useful throughout this offense but especially at this stage as sport specific training will be needed to ensure the injury is able once again to withstand sport specific training and competition.

The Authors View

This injury is one that sports therapists and physiotherapists have encountered on many occasions since the precaution in the treatment period recommended above.
Tendons heel more slowly than muscles due to the poor vascularisation (blood flow) through tendons. Various treatment modalities have been experienced with to improve the rate of repair including ultrasound, interventional, NSAIDS (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), corticosteroid injections, shock wave therapy, sclerotherapy, nitric oxide patches, surgery, growth factors, and stem cell treatment.

Since there appears to be little or no infection in tendon injuries many of the treatments above have proven not to be effective. The body has the ability to heal itself most of the time so the key to effective treatment of Jumpers Knee is to assist the body to heal itself gradually. Knowing how the body heals and assisting in that healing process looks to be the way forward.

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What Does Rib Pain Feel Like?

What does it feel to have fractured ribs? How would you know if there are some problems with these set of bones protecting the heart? To know this, you need to understand rib pain better. In this article, we are going to talk about rib pain, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments.

What exactly is rib pain? It is a kind of pain that originates from the rib or chest area. It can happen to anyone from all age groups and sexes. This condition is often characterized by stabbing or sharp pain in the affected area. It affects not only the bones but also the muscles, ligaments and the organs nearby. It can be the main condition but it can also be a symptom of a more serious medical condition.

What does rib pain feel like? It feels like you are out of breath. Difficulty in breathing is one of the signs of this condition. Because the ribs are damaged, the lungs is greatly affected and in many cases compressed. As a result, you will always have to catch your breath while enduring the pain while doing so. Symptoms may vary from person to person. However, the most common ones include shoulder pain, abdominal cramps, cough, limited mobility and fever. The pain most commonly happens whenever you move your body through twisting or bending.

When should you call a doctor? You need to call the emergency number once the symptoms become serious. Some symptoms can complicate the condition or they can mask incidents like heart attacks. If the chest pain becomes too severe, you need to call your doctor immediately. This is also true when you cough too much or when you cough up blood, fluid or phlegm. Other serious symptoms include shortness of breath, high fever, palpitations and extreme pain in the abdominal area.

Now that you know what it feels like and when you should call a doctor, the next thing to be learned is the cause. There are many reasons why rib pain arises. The most common reason is fracture. When the ribs are fractured, the muscles around the area will be affected, as well as the nerves. You should have your ribs checked to know whether you need further treatment or if you just need complete rest. Another common reason is the damage in the soft tissues which include the ligaments and the tendons. This happens when you try to carry something too heavy or when you stretch your chest too much. The pain can also be caused by underlying health conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis and pneumonia.

It is important to know what rib pain feels like in order to recognize the symptoms immediately.

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Treatments For Breaking A Rib

What should you do if you get broken ribs? If you ever fracture these sensitive bones, here are some of the things that you need to do. You need to do them immediately to avoid further damage to your ribs, your heart, your lungs and other parts of your body.

First, you need to diagnose the problem immediately. To do this, you need to know the signs and symptoms of the disease. You know your ribs are broken if you are having difficult time breathing and when you feel pain whenever you do so. Pain may also be evident when you twist your body or when you put pressure on the affected area. In some cases, bruising and swapping may happen if the fractured bones have protruded. If you feel any of these symptoms, you need to undergo x-ray examination and you need to consult your doctor immediately to know the condition of your ribs.

Second, take medications. Of course, the medications should be first prescribed by your physician. You may use over-the-counter medication only for pain killers. For anaesthesia and other injections, you will have to ask your doctor. You should do this when the condition becomes too painful to bear.

Rest well. When your ribs are broken, you need to take as much rest as you can. You should avoid moving around and doing physical activities. This is to allow the bones to heal by themselves. Complete bed rest may be recommended by your doctor which means that you need to stay on bed and stay immobile for a certain period of time. Moving around may complicate the condition as the bones and muscles become further damaged.

Avoid getting pulmonary diseases. When your ribs are broken, the lungs can easily be affected. This can result in pulmonary complications such as coughing and pneumonia. If you want to avoid this, you need to exercise proper breathing. Proper breathing depths deep breaths from time to time. You should also ask your doctor for the best sleeping position.

Use cold compress. For broken ribs that cause extreme pain and swelling, ice can be very helpful. You can use cold compress for 15 to 20 minutes or until the swilling has reduced considerably. You can do this several times a day. You just have to make sure that you do not let the ice touch your bare skin as this can lead to frost bite.

Strap the affected area. When you do this, you need to make sure that you do it correctly. Although strapping may help in the natural healing process of the bones and in putting the bones in place, it can have a negative effect on the lungs. This is the reason why you need to strap the area without compressing the lungs too much.

These are some of the things you can do when you have fractured ribs.

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Slipping Rib Syndrome

The ribs are very important to the body. Without the ribs, the heart and the lungs will be susceptible from getting damaged. You know very well that these two organs are very important to the body therefore they should always be protected. However, there are some cases wherein the ribs became damaged. One condition that we are going to talk about in this article is chostochondritis or the slipping of the ribs.

Slipping rib syndrome is characterized by the dislocation of the joints of your rib cage. This usually happens when the ligaments get too dropped or stretched because of accidents or trauma. The risky part of this condition is that it can spread. Once the ligament becomes loose, more rib joints can become easily dislocated.

The causes of slipping rib syndrome can be severe or mild. In fact, there are causes that you would not think of. Obviously, if you experience car accidents and other accidents that involve being hit in the chest area sturdy, the possibility of your ribs being damaged is high. However, studies have shown that even coughing can cause chostochondritis. If you cough too violently, the muscles and bones of the ribs may be dropped or stretched too much. Others suggest that carrying heavy objects on only one side of the body may also cause the condition.

How do you know you have slipping rib syndrome? Patients who have this condition mainly feel pain in their chest or rib area. Other people experience panic attack because of the sharp sensations that they feel. If you have this condition, you will also have difficulty in breathing especially when you are moving. There are times when the symptoms become too severe that they encounter a heart attack. It is there that important that you visit your doctor immediately and be properly diagnosed.

How is the condition treated? Slipping rib syndrome can be treated in several ways. In many cases, doctors prescribe pain medications and anti-inflammatory medications in order to treat the sharp pain that comes with the rib damage. After that, they can either suggest physical therapy or chiropractic treatment. Chiropractors will help you put the joints in place through different massages and therapies. However, it is important to note that the body can heal bones, ligaments and muscles on its own. Therefore, after the joints are put in place, all you really have to do is to wait. For severe cases, surgery may be recommended though.

There are also things that you can do to treat slipping rib syndrome. One of them is to slip your ribs on your own. This needs experience, practice and guidance from your chiropractor. Another thing you can do is to stop sleeping on your side.

These are things you need to know about slipping rib syndrome.

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Common Causes Of Rib Pain

The ribs are the bones that enclose the heart and the lungs to protect them from getting damaged. However, the ribs can easily be inflated and fractured. Many people experience rib pain because of several causes. If you want to know what is causing yours, continue reading below.

Your rib pain can be a result of fractures. The most common cause of the pain is broken bones. The pain from this usually lasts for several days or weeks. It is better if you consult your doctor and ask for a physical examination in order to find out if some of the rib bones are fractured. X-ray examinations will be very helpful in knowing the actual condition of the ribs. Fractures can also lead to immobility and difficulty in breathing.

Another cause of rib pain is the inflammation of the cartilage. This condition is also known as costochondritis. This can be extremely painful that is why many people mistake it for heart attack or stroke. Patients who have this condition experience difficulty in breathing and sharp pain when moving the affected area. The pain usually subsides after several weeks as the body has its own healing cartilages and bones. However, it would be helpful to consult with a doctor to relate the pain immediately.

Pleurisy can also cause rib pain at a great extent. It is a condition which is characterized by the thin tissues that cover the heart and the lungs. It can be a cause of infection or underlying medical conditions such as arthritis. People with this condition experience the pain when they cough, sneeze or breathe.

The causes of rib pain can further be divided into four types according to which body system is affected the most. The first type is known as the musculoskeletal cause. These are conditions that are physical in nature. It includes injuries, arthritis, osteoporosis, strained muscles, muscle stiffness, multiple sclerosis and infection. The next type is known as the respiratory cause. These conditions mainly involve the lungs. Examples of these are pneumonia, pleurisy, asthma, tuberculosis and blood clot around the lung area. The third type is the cardiovascular cause. These are the conditions that involve the heart and the cardiovascular system. They include coronary heart disease, heart failure and heart attack. Cardiovascular causes are usually life threatening therefore they should be treated immediately. The last type is the digestive cause. Conditions such as peptic ulcer, gastritis and gallstones may cause rib pain.

It is very important to identify the cause of the rib pain. Although some causes do not pose immediately harm to one's life, there are some which can lead to death if not diagnosed immediately.

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Why Does The Body Need Blood?

Why is blood important? Why does your body need it? Here are some of the reasons why it is very important to have blood flow through your body. These are the functions of the blood that are vital for keeping the body's health.

The first function is the transport of important substances. The blood is responsible for collecting and bringing deoxygenated blood to the lungs. This is to prevent carbon dioxide from staying in the body and damaging cells. The blood is also responsible for collecting and bringing oxygenated blood to the heart to be pumped to the different organs of the body. The body needs this oxygen to function at its best. The blood also transports waste materials to the excretory system to be removed as urine, faeces and sweat. Other things that are transported are hormones, enzymes, vitamins, nutrients, proteins that are essential for blood clotting and blood cells.

The second function is to regulate the body temperature and the acidity level of blood. It is very important for the body to have a maintained temperature. When it's too hot or too cold, the organs may be affected such as in the case of fevers and chills. How does the blood maintain a balanced temperature? It travels to the skin and allows the heat to escape through the pores. Likewise, it is also important to maintain a good pH balance. If the blood becomes too acidic, the cells and other components will die. It is very important that the pH balance is only between 6.8 and 7.4.

The third function is to remove toxins. Blood passes through the kidneys to be filtered. This process is very important to separate the toxins and clean the blood. The toxins stay in the kidneys and are eliminated from the body through urine and sweat. This is the reason why it is important to drink water. The more water you drink, the faster the toxins will be flushed out from the body because. Water will also lessen the burden of the kidneys in cleaning the blood.

The fourth function is to regulate salt content and electrolytes. When you urinate, a huge amount of salt in the body is being removed as well. This salt is just the excess of what your body needs. The circulation of blood allows the excess to be removed by the excretory system. This is an important process as too much salt can lead to stones. When there is too much sodium in the blood because of one's diet, this can also lead to being overweight because of fluid retention.

These are some of the reasons why blood is important to the body. You need to ensure that your blood is circulating well all the time to be able to do these functions.

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What Causes a Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is the infection of the bladder that is usually caused by bacteria. It can happen to anyone – children, teens and adults. To understand this condition better, let us look at some of the causes and symptoms.

What causes UTI? Then main cause of UTI is bacteria. When germs enter the body and stick to the urethra, the bladder becomes irritated and the infection begins. This infection can come from the inside or outside. It can come from the food that you eat. Some food contains additives and irritants that stay in the intestines for digestion before being removed to the body as stools. However, sometimes, the bacteria leak from the intestines and travels to the kidneys and the bladder. It can also come from the outside when your urethra is exposed to unclean environments. For instance, when you take baths and soak your body in water with bacteria, the germs can come inside and bring damage. The same is true when your hygiene is poor. You need to make sure that you wash all the time in order to wash away the germs that may enter your body.

Aside from bacteria, there are other things may also lead to UTI. One is dehydration. Water is very important in cleaning the blood and flushing out toxins. If your body lacks water, the toxins will stay longer in your blood stream and the toxins may irritate the excretory system. Another cause is holding back urination. A lot of people try to hold off their urine especially when they are finishing some things. However, you need to remember that when your body signals you to urinate, you should do so. Not doing it will give a chance for the germs to accumulate in your bladder.

How can you know if you have UTI? There are several signs that will tell you if you have the condition or not. For instance, if you feel pain when urinating, that's a good sign of the infection. Another symptom is frequent urination with little urine. You may urinate many times in a day but there is little to no urine that comes out. If your urine is cloudy and if it smells bad, that's also a sign of UTI. Other symptoms include discomfort in the belly area and pain around the kidney area.

When should you call a doctor? You need to call a doctor when the symptoms become more serious. If you experience having fever and vomiting while feeling pain around the kidney area, you should call your doctor immediately as the kidneys may have been severely affected. You should also be very cautious about this condition if you are pregnant or if you have undering medical conditions such as diabetes and kidney problems.

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5 Types of Physiotherapy Exercises

Physiotherapy exercises are an integral part of the recovery process of a patient with musculoskeletal problems. There are different types of exercises targeted at different parts of the body and is often used in conjunction with other treatment methods such as surgery and medication.

Range of motion exercises

One of the most common physiotherapy exercises is the range of motion exercise. This is performed by patients suffering from joint problems including the knee joint, shoulder joint and elbow joint. Due to injury, joints are often stiff, inflamed and swollen. As a result, the ability to achieve maximum range of motion is hindered. Imagine yourself being able to fully straighten your leg or your elbow. It is definitely going to cause a lot of discomfort. Range of motion exercises can effectively loosen tight tissues and help to slowly improve your joint flexibility.

Strengthening exercises

Strengthening exercises can be prescribed before and after any surgery. Before surgery, the muscles must be strong as patients are often required are required to rest for a certain period of time, resulting in atrophy of the muscles. Strong muscles prior to surgery can help to reduce the level of fatigue and better support the injured parts. After surgery, the muscles will need to be strengthened to help better support the recovery parts and bear the weight and grunt of the body.

Soft tissue mobilization

Soft tissue mobilization helps to relax tense and tight muscles which would otherwise be causing a lot of discomfort and pain to the patient. It is performed by therapists doing massage on the affected area, static stretching to relax and relieve stiffness and the usage of therapeutic tapes which supposedly helps to improve blood flow.

General conditioning

General conditioning as its name suggests helps to provide condition of the body through various cardiovascular exercises such as walking, swimming and jogging. It helps to increase flexibility of the joints as well as improve overall health.

Balancing exercises

Due to injuries, the body's natural ability to balance the body may be slightly off and therefore, exercises that help to restore the balance will need to be performed. Initially, the use of a parallel bar may be required to help you keep your balance but as time goes by, you can start to disregard the presence of that bar.

Physiotherapy aims to recondition your body back to its initial condition and help you achieve a better quality of life.

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Preventing Osteoarthritis Through Exercise

Osteoarthritis is a significant degenerative disease that affects the joints. It appears most commonly in the lower extremities which includes the knee and ankles. The reason why the lower extremities are favored is due to the immense amount of stresses experienced each day. Despite the high prevalence of Osteoarthritis, it can be preceded through simple exercises. We will discuss in this article about how best to prevent Osteoarthritis through daily exercises.

Studies have concluded that exercises can help to prevent Osteoarthritis. Light exercises such as walking are able to effectively reduce the development of osteoarthritis while heavy ones can lead to an increase. As we age, our cartilage becomes less flexible and more brittle. As a result, it can not work as effectively as before. Exercising frequently helps to prevent muscle atrophy and this is beneficial for those suffering from degenerative joint problems. Exercising frequently helps to build muscle mass, increase strength and flexibility. Patients who complain of pain while exercising should consider aquatic-based exercises which are pain free due to the buoyancy of water.

Flexibility exercises

The aim of flexibility exercises is to increase mobility in the joints and reduce stiffness. Simple flexibility exercises can help to stretch the surrounding muscles and increase blood flow to the region.

Leg stretch

Sit down on the floor and bend your knees while holding the soles together. Hold your ankles firmly and slowly push your knee down using your elbow. You will be able to feel a stretch on the inner part of your leg. Remember to do this slowly or you risk pulling your quad muscles.

Lower back stretch

Lie flat on a piece of yoga mat while extending your legs. Get into a position similar to when you are doing crunches but instead of holding your ankles, hold your knee this time round. Pull your knees towards you at a slow but consistent pace while maintaining proper breathing techniques.

Low impact aerobic exercises

Low impact aerobic exercises such as swimming and cycling are gentle on your joints yet improving your cardiovascular function effectively. While people commonly associate osteoarthritis with aging, it does not seem to be the case now. There is an increasing trend in youngger patients suffering from osteoarthritis. Instead of participating in high impact sports such as soccer and running, consider making the switch to low impacts ones.

There is no effective cure for osteoarthritis yet and the only way is to manage it with medication and exercises in an attempt to live with the pain and go on with your life.

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Finding Relief With Physical Therapy

Physical therapy exists to give you the relief that you need. When you have pain or issues due to an injury or medical condition, this will help you to manage it. You will be able to see improvements in your condition and you will be able manage it over a long period. Regardless of whether this is something that you have had for a while or if it is something from an injury, you will be able to benefit from what this can offer. It helps you to have relief, and it helps you to be in the best condition possible.

Physical therapy is going to help your body to strengthen. Using various types of exercises and methods, it is going to improve the condition of your bones and muscles. When you have experienced a serious injury or when your body is in poor shape due to a specific condition, this will be able to help you. It gives you the chance to become stronger in ways that actually work. The therapies used are for your individual problems and will help you more than simple exercises or stretches would. This is going to give you the chance to become healthier and to bring your body back to the condition that it should be.

In order to benefit from what is possible, you need to find the physical therapy that works for you. Different people have different needs, and different injuries and issues have different therapies and treatments. When you are going through this, you need to make sure that the one varies is something that you can manage and something that actually works. This will help you to see the best results possible. It is unique to your problems, and it was created to help you more than other options could. By looking into what will actually work, your body will be in a much better condition when you are done.

If you want to see the best results possible, you should reach out to a professional. While physical therapy in the home is appropriate for some people, this is not going to be the case for everyone. Most people are going to need help along the way, especially when mobility is strictly restricted and there are not many professional level tools available. You will be able to find better treatments, and you will be able to improve much more quickly. Your body will be in a better shape in the end with a professional.

If you are currently dealing with pain and problems because of an injury, medical condition, or physical problem, physical therapy can help. It gives you the chance to have relief as well as manage what is happening. Whether this is needed because of a sudden injury or because of an ongoing problem, you should turn to the therapies available for help. With a professional by your side, management is going to be easy and the improvements will be better. You will be able to be in the best condition possible.

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What Is High Intensity Exercise?

High intensity exercise is a term that is usually used for exercises that reach 70% to 90% of your heart rate. They are believed to be great for people who want to lose weight and improve their endurance. A lot of experts believe that doing high intensity exercises will improve one's performance physically. However, since this type of exercise uses much of your body's energy especially the heart, it is not advisable to do it for a long period of time.

One of the most common high intensity exercises today is weight training. It involves the usage and the lifting of heavy weights depending on the body size and the person's capacity. Beginners are advised to lift lighter weights for the first few days to avoid hearing of the muscles because of shock. Since weight training is a high intensity exercise, it is recommended that you do it at certain intervals. This means that you need to rest in between each set to allow your body to adapt to the exercise. Children are not allowed to try such exercise because it can lead to severe injuries.

Another high intensity exercise that many people do is running. However, this is not just the usual running but up running. Uphill running is more difficult because you need to fight against the pull of gravity. You need to exert much energy and force to bring your body up. It is best if you alternate uphill running, downhill running and normal running to give your body rest from time to time.

Jumping rope is also considered as high intensity. It is advisable to do this exercise on increasing levels. For instance, if you are just starting out, jump for 2 minutes then rest. After resting, you can jump again for 6 minutes then rest. After that, you can increase the time of the jumping making sure that it's something your body can support.

High intensity exercises are good but you need to keep in mind that they have higher chances of incurring injuries. Therefore, you should not focus on them during your workout. This will save you from experiencing injuries and overfatigue. The ideal number of high intensity workout sessions that you can do in a week is two. You can do three if you think your body is strong enough. You should also do them at least every other day. Make sure that there's at least one day interval before you do another high intensity exercise.

After doing high intensity exercise, you need to cool down your body. By the way, never forget to warm up before the start of the routine. It is also very important for you to stretch the muscles to loosen them up. Make sure that your body circulation is good by drinking lots of fluids specifically sports drinks.

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