Browsing: Physical Therapy

Why Does Stretching Work?

Do you still remember how your coach demanded you to do warm-up exercises before you start your training? Do you still remember how many stretches you would normally do before you start practicing? Your coach did not tell you to stretch for no reason. It is a step in every physical exercise that one must not forget.

Why does stretching work in loosening up the muscles? You may already have known that when you stretch, your muscles become warm-up and dropped. This is the reason why you do not experience so much soreness after exercising. Researchers have done several experiments providing the benefits of the activity with regards to reducing muscle soreness. According to one experiment, stretching has reduced the pain by 5% to 10%.

Moreover, stretching is good for preventing sporting-related injuries. When you play sports or do several physical exercises, there are times when you get injured accidentally. Some of the injuries that you may experience are strain, sprain and folded muscles. These things usually happen because your body was not prepared for the vigilous action you were doing. In order to prevent them, you need to prepare your body. The best way to do this is to warm-up through stretching and other simple movements.

Stretching is also great for improving the blood circulation in your body. The reason why you sometimes experience cramps when exercising is because the blood is not flowing freely inside your body. When you stretch, the blood vessels become more accommodating therefore the blood flow increases. This increase in blood flow is great for the muscles to help them recover faster.

Some studies have also found out that stretching your muscles especially those in the lower area of ​​your body can lead to improved balance and coordination. This is very important in everyday life. If your body is well-coordinated, you will be able to perform the physical tasks you need to perform better. You will not have to worry about falling and tripping a lot of times. That's right! If you are having problems with your balance, you should try stretching.

If you are still not convinced that stretching works in so many brilliant ways, you can try asking the physical fitness instructors around you. If you take a survey, you will find out that most, if not all, of them recommend stretching to ensure that the body will have the optimum benefits from the exercises. Therefore, you should always incorporate it in your daily routines. Always keep in mind how important it is for your body. It will help you loosen up your muscles. It will help you improve your blood circulation. It will help you maintain good body coordination. It will help you in avoiding injuries related to physical activities.

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What Is The Osteopathy Counter Strain Technique?

One of the many techniques being done in osteopathic medicine is counterstrain technique. It is a simple technique that focuses on relieving pain through the tender points of the body. Since it is a gentle to the body, it can be recommended to almost any patient.

Counterstrain focuses on reliving somatic dysfunction in the body. You know you have this condition if you can not move or use one part of your body well. For instance, when your muscles are sore, movement is limited because of the pain. The same is true when the joints and the nerves are affected.

Somatic dysfunction can alter your daily routines. The pain you feel may become too much that it will hinder you from doing your daily activities. For instance, if your muscles are sore, you will not be able to perform physical activities that are involved in your job. This is especially true for people who are working for blue-collared jobs. In the same way, if some joints in your body are not performing well, your movements will be limited and moving will be very tough.

The main idea of ​​this technique is to locate the tender point in the body. The tender point is the position of the body where the pain is at its maximum. It is the position where you will feel the most extreme pain. The physician will guide you into reaching the tender point. Once it is reached, the position will be released little by little until the pain subsides. The process can be repeated several times until the pain is completely removed. Once the pain is no longer felt, the physician will guide you in the neutral position.

There are terms that you need to remember when dealing with counterstrain. One of the most important terms is hypertonicity. This is the condition where the muscle tension is at its highest. This is what happens when your body reaches the tender point. The muscles and the nerves in the affected area became compressed and tight. The body automatically reaches the hypertonicity level as a reflex or response to pain. The muscles became tight in order to prevent further pain from happening. However, while the body is protecting you from feeling too much pain, some areas and functions of the body are affected. For instance, as the muscles become tight, the blood vessels become constricted. Because of this, the circulation of blood in your body will slow down. The transportation of oxygen and other nutrients will become slow as well. This can lead to fatigue and sluggishness. The administration of counterstrain is usually done is several sessions. One session may not be enough to effectively remove the pain completely.

It is important to choose a skilled and reputable osteopath for the technique. This is because the technique involves locating pain and diminishing it. Find a physician such as a physiotherapist or osteopath that has a good record in his field. This way, you can be sure that your condition will really become better after a few sessions.

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What Is The Osteopathy Lymphatic Technique?

The medical world is fast advancing as technology advances. However, there are techniques that are being created without the aid of machines. Some people choose these alternative forms of medicines over the synthetic ones as they are deemed safer and more efficient. One of the alternative medicines that are growing in popularity these days is osteopathy. Osteopathic medicine has a lot of techniques involved in helping patients recover from their muscle pain and other medical conditions.

One of the renovated techniques of osteopathy is known as the lymphatic technique or the lymphatic pump. The main idea is to improve the condition of the lymphatic system by increasing the lymph flow in the body. When the lymph nodes are working perfectly, the body will be able to fight infection better and faster.

It is important to support the lymphatic system in its flow. This is because it does not have a central pumping mechanism that will always ensure that it is flowing well and in the correct direction. If it is compared to the circulatory system, it does not have a heart. It can only flow because of the contraction and relaxation of the muscles in the body that happens in an alternating manner. Therefore, applying pressure to it is important in improving the circulation. The lymphatic pump is closely related to the thoracic pump techniques. In fact, the term emerged to describe the latter. In the medical field today, the thoracic pump technique covers a wider scope while the lymphatic pump focuses on the lymph nodes.

There are two main approaches to lymphatic pump – the thoracic and the abdominal. In the thoracic approach, the pressure is applied to the thoracic region to increase the flow of the lymph in the body. Experts suggest that by massaging the thoracic region, the lymph will be able to flow better. The other technique, the abdominal pump, suggests that by applying pressure to the abdomen, improvement of the lymphatic system will come after.

What is the significance of the lymph to the body? Your lymphatic system is very important to your immune system. It is where the antibodies that fight protection are created. When viruses come inside the body, the lymphatic system automatically creates antibodies that will fight the infection the next time it happens. It also helps in flushing out the toxins that stay in your cells and your bloodstream. It also makes sure that no excess fluids will go to your organs and muscles. Any excess will be returned to the bloodstream to be circulated and excreted. Another clinical significance of lymphatic technique can be seen in treating pneumonia. A lot of patients who suffer from this disease recover through the help of enhancing the lymph flow. It helps rid the body of harmful pathogens that lead to illnesses.

You can never judge a practice based on its longevity in the world. The lymphatic technique is still new but it already has a lot of clinical significances in the medical world.

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What Is The Osteopathy Myofascial Release?

Osteopathy is one of the youngest medical practices being administrated today. Its main purpose is to help patients who have problems with muscles and bones. It aims to pinpoint the root cause of the problem to help the patients completely recover.

One of the approaches that are being done in osteopathy is Myofascial release. It is a kind of therapy that targets the soft tissues of the body. Some tissues in the body, when constricted, result to pain and immobilization. The main idea of ​​this approach is to relax these soft tissues such as the muscles and the lymph nodes to help the patient in relieving pain and bringing back normal movement range.

There are many reasons why soft tissues become restricted and constricted. According to studies, among these problems include overuse, inactivity and infection. If you are an athlete, you are likely to use many parts of your body for long hours. This can lead to overuse of the soft tissues resulting to pain and damage. If you encounter an accident, there is a high possibility that you will also experience trauma. Trauma or strong impact on the body may cause the fascia or the muscles to tear. If you lack physical activity, your muscles will become stiff. Once they become stiff, they will not be able to support vivid activities over a period of time. This is the reason why muscles became easily sore and damaged when you exercise after a long time. Myofascial release does not only address the soft tissues in your body. It is also helpful in improving your connective tissues and helping them recover from damage.

There are two main categories and two main techniques involved in Myofascial release. Let's talk about the categories first – passive and active. In the passive approach, the patient is suggested to relax while the therapy is being administrated. In the active approach, the patient is suggested to do several resistance exercises to target the soft tissues.

As for the main techniques, there is the direct and the indirect technique. In the direct Myofascial release, tension is applied. The doctors usually do this by massaging the muscles and the nerves with their knuckles and elbows. The force applied is helpful in releasing the restriction. The main aim of this technique is to reach the deep tissues and improve their health. On the other hand, the indirect Myofascial release does not apply so much pressure on the body of the patient. Instead of coercing the restrictions to be released, the doctors wait for them to be traditionally released. This is done through mild stretching.

Myofascial release suggests that by releasing the restrictions of the soft tissues, pain and other discomfort will go away. Once the constrictions are gone, the patient will be able to move freely again without any problem. This practice is still new but it promises a lot in the medical field.

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What Is Your Thoracic Region?

The spelling has different regions depending on the location in the body. In this article, we are going to talk about your thoracic region – where it is located and how you can maintain its health.

The thoracic region is the region in your spine which is located in the upper back. It runs from your neck area until your rib cage area. It is very important for you to learn the different parts involved as this region is primarily responsible for a lot of back problems.

Your thoracic spine is made up of four main structures. Each structure serves a unique purpose. First in the list are the bones and the joints. The thoracic area consistors of 12 vertebrae located at the middle part of the spinal column. These bones are often referred to as T1 to T12 where T means thoracic. T1 or the uppermost bone is connected to the lower neck area while the T12 or the bottommost area is connected to the upper rib cage area. If you try to analyze the bones, you will see that the bottmost is the largest while the uppermost is the smallest. This is very important to ensure that the spine has a good balance and support.

Second in the list are the nerves. Your thoracic region will not be complete if there are no nervs attached to it. The spell is the bony structure that protects the spinal cord – the long line of nerves that send messages to and from the brain. The part of the cord that is located in the region is the thinnest. The nerves located here are responsible for sending signals to the organs of the upper body which are mainly located in the chest and the abdomen.

Third in the list are the connective tissues. The bones of the vertebrae are attached together by the ligaments or the connective tissues. They are important to ensure that the bones are stable. It is also important to note that every vertebra has a disc. The disc is made up of nucleus and annulus which protect the nerves from being damaged. The nucleus works as the shock absorber while the annulus serves as the main protector as it is made up of strong ligaments.

Fourth in the list are the muscles. The muscles that are located in the thoracic region are interesting. They are arranged in a layered manner. The muscles do not only help connect the bones together but also to the other bony structures such as the ribs.

These are some of the basic things you need to know about your thoracic spine. It is very important that you take care of this area to avoid experiencing back pains. You can do extension exercises to improve the condition of this region. Visit your doctor from time to time and have your spell checked for possible problems.

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Arm Pain and Physiotherapy

Arm pain refers to any types of pain or discomfort in one's arm, hand and shoulder; basically from the finger all the way to the shoulder. Your arms is made of muscles, bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, skins, nervous system, blood vessels, blood etc, any of which can be injured, infected or receive trauma to get arm pain.

Arm pain may have different experiences, from

• duration (brief moment, versus intermittent pain, versus constant pain)
• location (very specific location, over a broad area, global area)
• ability to travel or radiate to other locations
• types of pain including aching pain, stabbing pain, tingling pain, electrical pain, cramping pain, throbbing pain, stabbing pain, burning pain etc

If you have a presence of a sensation of pins and needles, tingling like mild electrical sensation, with or without the presence of burning or electricity – this is what medical professionals call paresthesia. The range of pain experience includes being a simple discomfort and irritation, to moderate and severe pain such that even mild pressure as from blowing wind may disrupt the movement in your hand.

There can be many reasons that causes arm pain, which includes trauma; direct hits and blows; internal problems such as muscle tears, nerve degeneration and cancer; even repetitive strain injuries. Sometimes, arm pain can be referred or radiate from other parts of the body such as one's back and neck. An example is a trigger point in the neck may cause radiating numbness down the hand and shoulder, or slipped disc that rests on the nerve of the spine that causes radiating pain or even numbness down one's shoulder and hand.

The focus of physiotherapy and, or hand therapy will usually begin with

• an in depth assessment of the onset of the pain and injury,
• identify the factors that cause or aggravate to the pain,
• understand their previous medical and family history,
• as well as any other relevant medical information
• physical and manual testing to assess what exactly is the core problem
• physiotherapy, hand therapy and sports massage to resignation from there

Once that is established, the focus of physiotherapy will then be to decrease pain experienced using electrical therapy modalities such as ultrasound and interventional therapy; cold therapy to decrease inflammation; before progressing with increasing range of motion and functional movements … slowly then progressing to building strength and dexterity. Physiotherapists may also use the following: exercise and movement therapy, joint mobilization and soft tissue management.

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Ankylosing Spondylitis and Physiotherapy

Ankylosing spondylitis is part of the arthritis group, with the number one characteristics being long term joint and linguistic inflammatory response within our back bone (spine), causing pain and decreasing the movement and mobility within the joint. In several cases, bones that are affected may join together (termed ankylosis fusion) causing a spine that is very stiff.

If that happens, the patient with the problem may develop a stiffness-related posture. Other joints that can be also affected but not so common includes the joints of the neck, hips, knees, shoulder and ankle; and may even affect the human organs.

At this point in time scientists and doctors are still not exactly sure the cause of this condition, but what they're sure of at this point in time is that 90% of the cases, patients have a DNA gene HLA-B27, which seems to suggest that the likelihood of ankylosing spondylitis is possibly more due to genetics. Note that even if 90% of people who has this disease has this particular HLA-B27 gene, but note that all people who has this gene has the disease.

Inflammation often begins at the lower back bone and at the sacrum-iliac joint. Often patients will complain of persistent and chronic pain and rigidity in the joints of the lower back and hip. Usually a patient will have the above symptoms especially after a bout of rest or non-movement.

Slowly, symptoms then move up along the spine, and may also affect the rib cage. If it affects the rib cage, what may happen is that the bones of the rib cage and sternum may join together – and if this happens, breathing will be difficult as the lungs will not be able to expand to take air in.

What physiotherapists does is to assess and diagnose if it is ankylosing spondylitis or not, and this is done through symptomatic assessments of this disease:

• Is there presence of pain and stiffness?
• If yes, where is the pain and stiffness located / which joints are favored?
• Physical evaluations which tests for presence of pain and range of motion of the said affected joints
• Poring over X Rays to look for postural anomalies
• Blood test results for the presence of the HLA-B27 gene
• Identifying if the disease had started to progress

The challenge with ankylosing spondylitis is that often early symptoms goes unnoticed and undiagnosed as the early symptoms resemblance other conditions such as osteoarthritis of the back and knee or sprain back, which are rather common conditions.

Once the diagnosis has been made and confirmed, the focus of physiotherapy will be to provide as much pain relief as possible, decrease inflammation and inflammatory response, stretch out and prevent stiffness and increase range of motion, strength and stamina.

This is done through a matrix of

• joint and soft tissue mobilization and manipulation,
• soft tissue management,
• strengthening of weakened and unaffected muscle groups,
• prevention of deformity via postural correction (habitual and strength-wise)
• improve function and mobility

Regular physiotherapy and exercise therapy are critical to the management of ankylosing spondylitis, as well as medication from your doctor.

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A Quick Guide to Counselling

There are a lot of problems and difficulties that you may face on a regular basis, and counseling could very well help you to develop methods to deal with these issues. Some people are not so sure about therapy but then find out later how beneficial it was to them, and the same could be true for you. If you have never gotten psychological therapy before then you should consider giving it a try, because it really does not have the potential to change your life. What you will need to do if you want good counseling is to find a proper therapist in your area with plenty of experience in helping people. Over time it is quite likely that you will find your decision to start dealing with your problems this way to be a very good one.

Finding a good therapist

There is little doubt that in order to make the most of the benefits of targeted counseling, you are going to need to find the right therapist. This is something that can take a while to do, but it is also important to remember that a lot of the decision is about how much you trust your therapist. If you are able to open up and discuss your issues honestly with a therapist, you will start to see changes a lot sooner than if you were to start keep everything inside. However, it can take time to learn to feel comfortable with a therapist; although you can be sure they will do their best to make sure you feel comfortable. To find a counselor in your area you can make an online search for one, and this should help you find a number of decent options in your area.

Getting counseling services

A counseling session is a great way to learn about yourself and see what is keeping you from achieving your goals. There are a lot of things that you can take away from just one session with a good therapist, and if you jump into the experience with an open mind it is likely that you will start to make big changes in your life right away. The power of good counseling is subtle at first, but there are so many people who have gone on to find more purpose in their lives and develop a better understanding of how to relate to others through good counseling. You could end up with the same benefits, so it would make sense to try out one or more counseling sessions to see if you like them.

Final thoughts

With counseling it is important for you to go in with an open mind. Do not expect your therapist to be able to perform miracles – he is there to help you find a way. It is up to you to choose whether or not to follow. There is little doubt that good counseling sessions can have a very positive impact on your life, so make sure to give one a try if you feel you could benefit from therapy.

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Health Care Review


The concept of Health is somewhat difficult to understand. When we say a person is healthy, it means to the lay man that the person is normally doing his activities and does not outwardly show any signs of any disease in him. However, for the medical man it denotes the conformity to certain standards like physical measurements, biochemical norms and rates, physiological standards, etc. Even these standards vary with race, rest, exercise, food, habits, starvation, climate, altitude, latitude, etc. It has been extremely difficult for scientists concerned with human biology to lay definite criteria for health and define the term Health in a specific manner.

From the history of medicine we know that there have been various systems of medicine or healing arts evolved in different parts of the world during different civilizations. But in no system has there been a clear-cut definition of health.

In the oxford dictionary health means the state of being free from sickness, injury or disease, bodily conditions; something indicating good bodily condition. A few decades ago this meaning was conveyed in the definition of health but recently the World Health Organization have considered it necessary to give a direction towards the achievement of a robust and happy and active bodily and mental condition capable of continuous productive ability and, therefore, have defined health as follows:

“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity.” (WHO — 1948) it will be seen that even after having this definition it will be difficult to conceptualize and standard positive health with specific clear-cut attributes and criteria for measurement. A person may be enjoying mental equity and enthusiasm for doing anything. He may also be physically able to do any amount of work, but he may be having some minor dysfunction or deficiency or even a mild infection causing a very minor disturbance which even does not upset his normal activities.

For example, Hyper pigmentation on the skin or lack of pigmentation on the skin; angular stomatitis due to B complex deficiency; a ring-worm patch on the skin, etc. In these conditions strictly speaking the person can not be called 'health' but for outward purpose he will appear healthy and he will also be fully active. Similarly, under the mental component there are ever so many stresses and strains that an individual is exposed to and depending on his own mental make-up he is either able to overcome the strain or sufferers from worry and depression. If in spite of his worry he is able to function normally others may take him to be healthy, where the worry may normally be making him mentally unsound.

Social well-being is very much related to the mental adjustment of the individual to others around him in the family or in the community. Sometimes it may so happen that a person may find it had to adjust with his group and may, therefore, be under a mental strain. But he may be doing his work normally from which others would judge him to be healthy. It is only if he reaches a break-point and behaves either in a withdrawal manner or becomes aggressive that his mental condition will become manifest to be seen and experienced by others.

We have, therefore, to understand that the term health is not an abstract thing but a relative concept. In it we see a continuum of freedom from sickness to better health and positive health. When we say positive health we refer to a condition in which the body has sufficient reserve nutrition and resistant factors to prevent the invasion of the body by any micro-organism or by the deprivation of any nutritional factors causing a deficiency pathology and, therefore, completely free from disease.

Disease is a little less difficult to define than Health. It denotes the condition of the human body in which something has gone wrong and has upset the Norman functions of the body including the mind. As in health there is also a continuum from a predisposition or premonition of illness which may or may not be experienced or not even aware by the individual concerned, to a definite condition of illness diagnosed by signs or symptoms and impairment of body functions.

This continuum may further extend from mildness to severe sickness and death or recovery from sickness back to a debilitated condition and later to a normal condition.

As has been pointed out in the previous paragraphs the normally of health of person may shift towards positive health dependent on the improvement of health by wholesome food, wholesome water proper living conditions, proper work atmosphere, good personal hygiene, etc., or the deterioration of health due to faulty or inadequate food, infection through food, water or air, skin or due to external injuries, accident etc.

For maintenance of good health the following things are essential:

1. Adequate quantities of proper nutrition
2. Adequate quantities of safe drinking water
3. Proper shelter with adequate ventilation and lighting
4. Proper clothing
5. Proper work, exercise and rest and recreation
6. Proper social conditions for a harmonious existence and work
7. Proper security from fear of any kind
8. Proper sexual behavior
9. Personal hygiene
10. Provision and utilization of health services.

Disease can be due to say one or more of the following causes:

1. Genetic hits
2. Congenital deformity or malformation
3. Cancer
4. Malnutrition
5. Poisons

The above are the direct causes.

The science of epidemiology employs various methods and approaches to explore, investigate, identify and establish the cause of disease as against maintenance of health in the individual, in the community and in a geographical area. Modern epidemiology has revealed a multiple causation theory for most of the diseases. The direct or immediate causes may be congenital, traumatic, infection or cancer growth, etc. But along these direct causes, many indirect and predisposing causes have been described,

For example, tuberculosis is caused by the tubercule bacilli, called myco bacterium tuberculosis, this is the direct cause. The other causes which predispose a person to the infection by tubercule bacillus may be overcrowding, poor nutrition, bad ventilation, heavy work, fatigue, etc. It may be appreciated that these causes are socio-economic causes. The economic factors arising out of poor means of living, inadequate food, etc., are also inter-related with human and social factors like bad ways of living, customs, habits, beliefs, superstitions, etc. Taking another example, malnutrition may be due to either lack of availability of nutritious food in adequate quantities or the wrong practices of preparation of food in which nutrients may be wasted. The economic factors may be the cause for non-accessibility and the social factors may be the cause of waste of nutrition even after the food stuffs are available or on the contrary over eating and addiction to alcohol, etc., causing metabolic disorder. In the rural countryside we have a lot of locally available food resources but the habits may be such that the people do not know what can be ate and how, for deriving nutrition.

The human and social factors are very predominant determinants in any society or community. In affluent countries many of the metabolic diseases like obesity, heart diseases, diseases due to air pollution, etc., are on the increase due to social customs. In the poor countries the large number of communicable diseases and nutritional deficiencies are due to poor sanitation, poor hygiene and low and faulty intake of food. These are again in turn due to economic and social factors.

Study of human behavior is extremely important in public health and in any community oriented program. The mere opening and establishment of hospitals or clinics or treatment centers by any government or voluntary agencies does not immediately ensure that all the people will use the facilities whenever they fall sick. For a person to seek treatment for a particular illness from a doctor or an institution the following stages of human behavior are expected to take place.

Social psychology has a very prominent place as a diagnostic tool in the beginning of the program and also as a tool of evaluation where the program is under progress or at its termination. For example, in the control of Cholera or any gastro enteric infection, it will be futile to introduce any sanitation program without the people know the causative factor and the mode of transmission of infection. There may be need to improve the water supply, provide proper excreta disposal, food hygiene and personal hygiene. All these things involve a scientific awareness of the reasoning behind each measure or practice and a change of behavior accordingly.

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Get Rid Of Chest and Rib Pain With Chiropractic Treatment

Usually, chest or rib pain is described as a sharp, shooting pain. You'll feel increased chest pain when you inhale or exhale. It is not surprising that people often mistaken this to be a serious problem.

In case you've injured or fractured yourself due to a fall, then it is quite reasonable to have this type of pain. However, if you are suffering from costo-transverse sprain, then there is nothing to be worried about, but it does not mean that you should not consult a doctor. It is expected that people think they are suffering from lung or heart problem when they seek medical attention.

How Costo-transverse Sprain can be treated with Chiropractic Treatment?

Costo-transverse sprains occur when people wake up in the morning. It is due to awkward sleeping positions, including constant turning in bed.

Chiropractors deal with patients having rib or chest ache everyday. They make sure that the patients go back home fine. If the shooting pain is diagnosed as acute, treatment for 2 or 3 chiropractic sessions will be recommended.

Rib dysfunction can cause pain in the ribcage. It may show symptoms of frequent shooting pain in arms indicating heart attack. Breathing problems could also make people think that they are suffering from asthma.

Chronic and recurrent rib cage ache

A few people may experience experience ongoing and repeating soreness in their ribs, causing discomfort. This calls for the immediate attention of chiropractors. They will examine your posture to find out which part is responsible for the problem. Once they locate the area, they will suggest you to start with the treatment as soon as possible. If you have the following issues you could experience this kind of shooting pain:

  • Weak core thoracic muscles
  • Enhanced curvature of thoracic
  • Sedentary profession
  • Women having huge breasts
  • Men and women carrying heavy items for long time
  • And mid back scoliosis

The aim of chiropractors is to rule out any need of serious or surgical procedures to cure your problem. This is followed by a thorough check-up of muscles and joints. These specialists assess each and every movement of your rib cage. There are two kinds of rib cage movements, namely bucket handle and calliper motion.

A chiropractors' aim is to restore the movement and decrease the pain and muscle spasms. This procedure is carried out using various techniques such as exercise. Chiropractic is a valued remedy and it does not matter how old you are. There are suitable treatments for patients suffering from a specific pain. They make sure that you are safe and up and running to carry out your day-to-day tasks.

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Knee Popping Explained

Knee popping and associated pain is an extremely common problem experienced by many and there are many possible causes for it. The only distinguishing way between various factors is the presence of pain that comes along with it. Painless popping is often insignificant whereas painful popping is an indication of something serious underlying. Let's attempt to solve some mysteries of knee popping.

Typically, knee popping is because the knee cap is loose. This can result from injury or aging related wear and tear issues. Weak quadriceps muscles can also contribute to this knee popping phenomenon as it is adequate to support the expansion and contraction motion of the knee.


Painless popping is usually due to the presence of bubbles in the joints. Bubbles are formed when there is a difference in pressure at the joint, allowing for the spontaneous formation of tiny air bubbles. When movements are attempted, the bubbles will be burst and then emitting a popping sound. This is going to be a closed cycle since bubbles will continue to form due to the pressure difference. The scientific term for it is called cavitation and this is harmless.

Ligaments stretching

We have soft tissues located throughout our joints and movements will cause these tendons and ligaments to stretch slightly. Since they are elastic, they will return back to their original shape after the load is released and this will produce a popping sound, similar to the analogy of a rubber band stretching. This does not cause any soft tissue damage and is harmless.

Mechanical popping

Mechanical popping is due to the presence of an existing injury, commonly a loose cartilage. As the loose cartilage is free to move in the joint, it will cause a flapping movement when the leg is moving, causing a popping sound. Since it is due to injury, medical attention will need to be bought to repair the loose cartilage.


Arthritis is effectively wear and tear and it causes the cartilage to get thinner and thinner. As the cartilage gets thinner and friction occurs during movement, both surfaces will rub against each other, resulting in a popping sound. It can also be quite painful for some patients to bear.

Since there are different contributions to knee popping, it is difficult to pin point exactly to the exact cause of it. Painless knee popping will not affect your daily lifestyle but painful ones will and can lead to deterioration in the quality of lifestyle you can enjoy.

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Why Is Deep Breathing Important?

Deep breathing is an important skill that can be used for coping. It may sound like a joke but it is a known fact that not a lot of people breathe properly. Natural and proper breathing involves the large muscle in your abdomen called diaphragm. When breathing, your belly should also expand and when you exhale, your belly should fall. People nowdays forget how to breathe this way and instead, make use of the shoulders and chest. Since these are low and short breaths, it can increase your anxiety and stress level. That's exactly why deep breathing is very important.

The Benefits of Deep Breathing

· Releases tension and at the same time, reduces stress.

· It helps in relaxing your mind and body without the need to induce tiredness. You will definitely feel energized and relaxed.

· Helps you fight against heart diseases by giving your heart tissues extra oxygen. This would make your heart work more efficiently and last longer.

· It purifies your bloodstream by making sure that detoxification happens in your body.

· Since more oxygen reach your stomach, proper digestion is encouraged. At the same time, more oxygen would result in the improved health of the spinal cord, brain and nerves.

· Your skin becomes healthier and smoother. Facial wrinkles will also be reduced.

· Your lungs become more powerful and healthier so increasing your stamina.

· It rejuvenates the glands in your body including the pineal and pituitary glands.

All of the things mentioned above will leave you healthier, more energized and full of life. You get to enjoy everything as the powerful effects that gain from deep breathing.

How Do I Do It?

There are really no fancy techniques when it comes to deep breathing. The main idea is to just increase your oxygen intake so that you can induce the relaxation response of your body. Here's how you can do it.

1.) Choose a position that is most comfortable for you. Once done, place your hands on your chest and then your stomach.

2.) In order to maximize your oxygen intake, you should breathe from your abdomen instead of doing it through your chest. This is also called as belly breathing. Concentrate on your inhalation until you feel that your stomach is starting to rise.

3.) Breathe in and out through your nose. Try to hold your breath for a couple of seconds and then you should exhale through your mouth. Let go of all your thoughts while breathing.

4.) Do at least four to eight breathing cycles, one to three times a day.

Practicing deep breathing is one of the most undemanding, straightforward goals that you can set for yourself. This can be a part of your healthy lifestyle resolution and the good thing is that it will not feel like a punishment, a burden or deprivation.

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Stiff Neck – An Underlying Spine Disorder?

Stiff neck causes pain and discomfort when you are trying to move your neck. It is often due to injury to the soft tissues and ligaments at the neck region. It is usually accompanied by pain and soreness in the neck, shoulder and arm. These symptoms can last for quite a fair bit of time and it can be treated using medicine or a warm compress. For cases where the symptoms go away in a couple of days, there is not much of an undercoming issue. Stiff necks can occur when you wake up after having slept in an awkward position for a long time. Sometimes, a stiff neck can be an indication of an underlying spinal disorder.

We must first know the basic anatomy of our neck. Our neck is divided into 2 regions actually the anterior and posterior. There is a part of our spine that moves through our neck and that is the cervical spine which is effectively made up of 7 vertebrae. Any slight problems in our spine can extremely lead to neck pain since they are interlinked. There are 2 common spinal disorders which are Cervical Herniated Disc and Neck Arthritis.

Cervical herniated disc is one of the leading causes for neck pain and indicates an injury to the cervical spine. Pain in the neck is caused by the disc pinching onto the cervical nerve, causing pain to flow down the nerve pathway down to the neck. Some patients may also experience numbness at the neck region.

Another common cause is due to cervical osteoarthritis which is a degenerative joint disease or other known as neck arthritis. Cervical osteoarthritis are characterized by the presence of bone spurs which may impinge onto a nerve. When impingement happens, the pain will radiate down the nerve onto the neck region, creating in neck pain similar to the cervical herniated disc.

It can also be due to cervical spondylosis which is another degenerative disease that is increased by previous injuries. Cervical spondylosis can result in neck pain and stiffness and is due to the wear and tear of the cartilage and bones of the cervical vertebrae.

There are many causes for stiff neck and it could indicate an underlying spinal disorder due to the mechanism for both neck arthritis and cervical herniated disc. The best way would be to seek a doctor immediately if you frequently encounter a stiff neck.

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Modern Physical Therapy Choices Include Infrared Body Wraps

Did you know there are many choices for the type of treatment you receive in physical therapy? Not only do you have a choice of which physical therapist to see, you can also opt for a number of newer treatments that can quickly make you feel great again. Here's what you need to know about modern physical therapy and which therapist to choose.

The Need for Physical Therapy is Increasing

You may have noticed that the number of physical therapy facilities is growing by leaps and bounds. That's no accident; Americans are participating more in sports and other physical activities and more often injuring themselves. In fact, the Bureau of Labor Statistics is forecasting that the number of physical therapy practices will grow by almost a third over the course of the next three years. And while they used to be found mainly in hospital settings, many physical therapists now work out of their own offices, providing more flexible hours and services.

Today's typical patient is a weekend warrior; someone with a desk job during the week who overdoes it on the weekend either playing sports or working around the house. Professional athletes and senior citizens with joint and / or back pain are also frequently referred to physical therapists. But did you know that even common ailments, such as a lack of balance or knee pain, can also be helped by physical therapy?

Who Should You See?

If you rarely only on the recommendation of your physician, you could incur extra charges. This is due to many doctors refer patients to physical therapists who practice in a physician-owned center. Is this a conflict of interest? Definitely! Not only do their services usually cost more, patients are limited by the types of therapies offered in these clinics.

Prior restrictions on this type of practice, known as “Stark” laws, were reversed in 2007. Although doctors claim this helps them provide better overall care for their patients, it does not always result in the injured receiving the best physical therapy for the value.

If you have been injured and physical therapy is ordered to help you recover, it's important to know you have a choice. All you need is a prescription.

What Type of Therapy Can You Expect?

Physical therapy is efficacious for a variety of ailments and there are just as many treatments available as there are types of injuries. These can range from simple exercises and stretching routines to more sophisticated, machinery-driven treatments for muscle rehab.

One of the newest forms of physical therapy involves a far infrared ray (FIR) body wrap system. Through the use of FIR directly on the affected parts of the body, patients get almost immediately and often long-lasting relief for a number of ailments. The gentle infrared heat, which is topically applied through a wrap, relaxes the body while loosing stiff joints while improving circulation. It is often used prior to therapeutic exercise to loosen and prepare the joints, or after therapy, to relieve muscle aches and pains.

When you are injured or your aches and pains do not go away within a week or so, you may need physical therapy to regain total health. Remember that you have a choice when it comes to practitioners and you have a choice when it comes to the type of therapy involved. Ask your physical therapist if he or she incorporates an infrared body wrap known for its safe healing properties.

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Knee Pain With Running – What to Do About It

Runners today encounter knee problems probably more than any other athlete. Beside football injuries, runners are one of the top athletes that are dealing with knee pain and knee injuries.

As we age we lose cartilage between the knee, known as arthritis. Not everyone encounters it but most people at some point will, as they age.

There are some health conditions that can cause knee pain and knee weakness.

Today with more and more athletes pushing themselves to the limit, the body needs perfect function in order for it to work properly. There are 3 aspects as to why an athlete gets knee pain or develop knee arthritis.

One of the first things we do in our clinic is a bilateral weight distribution. Almost every time I examine a new patient, their weight distribution is off at least 10 pounds or more on one side and as much as 50 pounds to 60 pounds heavy on one side. What causes this? Spinal misalignments. The spinal misalignment can cause increase of nerve function on one side and decrease of nerve function on the opposite side. This also causes muscle spasms in the back, causing the athlete to favor one side. This can develop into more stress and weight being transported on one site of the body.

The second aspect of knee injuries is the muscles in the knee giving way. What can cause weak knee muscles. For one, the body works on the electrical distribution of nerves and acupuncture points. In Chinese medicine, the gallbladder is related to the knee. Now this may seem weird to a lot of people but I am telling you that I have seen countless knee problems fixed once the gallbladder is fixed. The meridians are connected and the muscle called the popliteus can weakened with a sluggish gallbladder. The only real way to find out if you do have a gallbladder issue is if you get real upset with fatty foods and high carbohydrate foods, have upper back pain, and knee pain, especially walking or running downhills.

The last aspect to knee injuries is cartilage tears. Usually when people are deficient in sulfur bearing foods, they can have weak cartilage and weak knees. The cushion between the bones in your knee has to be healthy for your knee to function properly. Usually people that have a hard time digesting minerals and vitamins can have cartilage issues. People need normal amount of enzymes and HCL to digest chicken, meats, and vegetables. Some sulfur rich foods are on and garlic.

To make sure you are balanced, get a friend and two locking scales (commercial scales). Stand on the middle of them, close your eyes and bend your head forward all the way and backwards all the way and then straight up. Once you are still and looking forward, have you friend lock the weight in place. Step off and see your weight distribution. If you are off more than 15 pounds you should see a chiropractor for detailed x-rays of your spell. If you are experiencing the above symptoms for gallbladder dysfunction you can order Beta TCP or you can juice beets, carrots, and spinach daily. This tends to flush the gallbladder out. To make sure your cartilage is healthy, start eating more chicken cartilage, onions, and garlic. Also make sure you take digestive enzymes and betaine hcl. This assures your body is absorbing proper nutrients.

I use these same techniques in my clinic and they work every time.

Now one thing you may want to do, if you are suffering pain is look into class 4 laser therapy for knee pain. This is also called deep tissue laser therapy, not cold laser therapy or low level laser therapy. We use this for knee pain in the clinic and I do not think there is another modality out there today that works almost as good. So if you are still suffering from pain after you complete the above steps, please look into class 4 laser therapy for your knee pain.

Thank you for reading today and I wish you the best in all your health endeavors.

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